Richard Gombrich's Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to PDF


By Richard Gombrich

ISBN-10: 0203016033

ISBN-13: 9780203016039

ISBN-10: 0203130251

ISBN-13: 9780203130254

ISBN-10: 0415075858

ISBN-13: 9780415075855

ISBN-10: 0415365082

ISBN-13: 9780415365086

Written by means of the prime authority on Theravada Buddhism, this up-dated version takes into consideration fresh examine to incorporate the controversies over the date of the Buddha and present social and political advancements in Sri Lanka. Gombrich explores the legacy of the Buddha's predecessors and the social and non secular contexts opposed to which Buddhism has built and adjusted all through historical past, demonstrating primarily, the way it has continually encouraged and been encouraged via its social atmosphere in a fashion which maintains to today.

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Throughout India, the communal religion of most communities attaches importance to certain altered states of consciousness. To be specific, it uses possession. Possession is sometimes confused with shamanism; but in shamanism one’s spirit travels while one’s body remains unconscious, whereas in possession one’s body is temporarily inhabited by another spirit, while what happens to one’s own spirit at Gotama Buddha’s problem situation 37 the time is left undetermined. This temporary loss of the sense of self is just like hysteria as clinically defined by Freud and Breuer.

Thus social events cannot all be reduced to matters of psychology. The power of institutional traditions in Therava¯din history can be illustrated by a matter I have already mentioned. The Therava¯din Order of Nuns died out long ago, probably in the eleventh century. There have been many women who led nun-like lives, living according to the Ten Precepts (see below, p. 78) and would evidently have wished to be real nuns had that been possible. aka, says that to become a nun requires a double ordination, by both validly ordained nuns and validly ordained monks.

To attain it is open to any human being, and it is ultimately the only thing worth attaining, for it is the only happiness which is not transient. A person who has attained it will live on so long as his body keeps going, but thereafter not be reborn. Thus he will never have to suffer or die again. For Buddhists, religion is what is relevant to this quest for salvation, and nothing else. Being told that gods have nothing to do with religion made me aware that the adherents of different religions draw the line between what is religion and what is not at very different places.

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Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo by Richard Gombrich

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