Gender Policies in Japan and the United States: Comparing by J. Gelb PDF
By J. Gelb
This ebook is the 1st to discover the similarities and alterations in gender-related coverage making and results in Japan and the united states, targeting the components of equivalent employment, household violence, and reproductive rights, with extra realization to gender equality coverage in Japan and "family pleasant coverage" in either countries. It analyzes the importance of foreign feminism and new criteria of gender equity--kansetsu gaiatsu--as a source for jap feminists looking coverage reform, in addition to new tendencies towards coverage cooperation.
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Extra resources for Gender Policies in Japan and the United States: Comparing Women's Movements, Rights, and Politics
Other groups active in the struggle for working women include plaintiffs and their supporters. They represent women who have had their own personal experience of discrimination and support the efforts of others to end practices involving discriminatory employment practices; including gender-based two track systems with women in the lower, clerical track; inequitable promotion and salary patterns and indirect discrimination. Perhaps the most successful of these is the Working Women’s International Network (WWIN), with 800 dues-paying members.
As Sylvia Bashevkin has suggested, the virulence of the anti feminist movement institutionalized in the Republican Party after 1980 has no counterpart, probably anywhere in the democratic world (1998, 70). This has resulted in the need for defensive adaptation and an emphasis on survival rather than growth in terms of new policy initiatives. TRENDS AND TRANSFORMATIONS 25 A major concern for American feminism in the future is how to move from this type of reactive stance to a more proactive vision of the future (Ferree and Hess, 2000, 182).
Occupation after World War II, women gained the vote and right to run for office, and also new constitutional guarantees. Among them was Article 14, which promised equality in the family, education, employment, education and political representation (Liddle and Nakajima, 2000, 152). Civil Code reform removed the legal basis for women’s subordination in the family, including the right to own family property, and equality in marriage and divorce. Because many of the guarantees proved to have only symbolic as opposed to real meaning, a “second wave” of feminism emerged in the early 1970s among women who had been active in student peace movements.
Gender Policies in Japan and the United States: Comparing Women's Movements, Rights, and Politics by J. Gelb