Petroleum Products Handbook by Guthrie Virgil B. PDF


By Guthrie Virgil B.

ISBN-10: 1591248213

ISBN-13: 9781591248217

This instruction manual supplies a valid operating wisdom of every product's homes, features, and function, allowing you to extra simply choose the fitting product for any particular requirement, and use it successfully and economically. Thirty-two best experts carry you this time and cost-saving support. They totally conceal gas, diesel gasoline oils, lubricating oils and greases, plane fuel turbine fuels, distillate heating oils, liquefied petroleum fuel, and plenty of different petroleum items.

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Example text

Mass production permitted the refiner to maintain a reasonable margin of profit while keeping the cost of gasoline surprisingly low. When profits diminished, companies started to make lubricants. The margin between the cost of manufacturing lubricants and their sales value was much higher than that of gasoline, thus making the production of a comparatively small volume of lubricants a lucrative business. This is no longer true. Now the manufacture of petrochemicals presents the oil companies with an excellent opportunity for further profitable operations.

Unsaturated hydrocarbons have carbon atoms joined by two or three bonds. They are known as olefinic and acetylenic hydrocarbons, respectively CH2==CH2 CH==CH Ethylene (an olefin) Acetylene (an acetylene) These hydrocarbons easily add hydrogen and other elements to their molecules, forming saturated compounds; that is, they are reactive chemically. 2 :=:: CIi2 ~\~ H2 — CH3 CH3 Ethylene Hydrogen Ethane (an unsaturated hydrocarbon) (a saturated hydrocarbon) Acetylenes are seldom formed in petroleum processing, but ethylenes are obtained in large quantities when the oil is cracked, that is, decomposed at high temperatures.

Petroleum companies which have entered this field of activities have found it profitable. This type of operation brings petroleum refining a step closer to the chemical-manufacturing industry. Petroleum refining will remain more diversified in its selection of processes and in the type of materials manufactured. Petroleum Asphalt Asphalt is prepared at refineries from the heavy residues obtained from the distillation of asphalt-base crude oils. The quality of asphalt depends on the nature of the crude oil.

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Petroleum Products Handbook by Guthrie Virgil B.

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