Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications by David E. Jones PDF

By David E. Jones

ISBN-10: 0292701705

ISBN-13: 9780292701700

ISBN-10: 0292702094

ISBN-13: 9780292702097

ISBN-10: 0292798822

ISBN-13: 9780292798823

From the Chickasaw battling the Choctaw within the Southeast to the Sioux scuffling with the Cheyenne at the nice Plains, struggle used to be endemic one of the North American Indians whilst Europeans first arrived in this continent. a powerful array of offensive weaponry and conflict strategies gave upward thrust to an both amazing variety of protective expertise. local american citizens built very potent armor and shields utilizing wooden, bone, and leather-based. Their fortifications ranged from uncomplicated refuges to walled and moated stockades to a number of stockades associated in strategic shielding networks. during this publication, David E. Jones deals the 1st systematic comparative research of the shielding armor and fortifications of aboriginal local american citizens. Drawing information from ethnohistorical bills and archaeological facts, he surveys using armor, shields, and fortifications either sooner than ecu touch and through the historical interval by means of American Indians from the Southeast to the Northwest Coast, from the Northeast Woodlands to the wasteland Southwest, and from the Sub-Arctic to the nice Plains. Jones additionally demonstrates the sociocultural components that affected war and formed the advance of other varieties of armor and fortifications. huge eyewitness descriptions of battle, armor, and fortifications, in addition to photographs and sketches of Indian armor from museum collections, upload a visible measurement to the textual content. (2006)

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It was then shaped and weighted over an ovoid mound of dirt, which gave it its unique dishshaped profile. As it dried, it hardened. Sometimes they hung it over a low fire to accelerate the hardening. After trimming it, they added a handgrip inside. Finally, it was painted and decorated. Such a shield, according to Ewers, “was sturdy enough to stop an arrow and to deaden or deflect the force of a ball from a muzzle-loading flintlock” (1980, 203). Also expensive, it cost at least one horse. Poor men who could not afford such a weapon carried a buffalo robe with the hair still attached, wrapped several times around their left arm to serve as a shield.

Fortifications Roaming the Plains from the headwaters of the Missouri and Milk Rivers and north into Alberta and Saskatchewan, the nomadic tribes known collectively as the Blackfeet held sway for several centuries. Key to the life of the Blackfeet was access to the enormous herds of bison that roamed the high plains from northern Mexico to the forests of Canada. The three Blackfeet tribes—Kainah (Blood), Piegan (Torn Robes), and Siksika (Blackfooted People)—speak an Algonquin language and originated in the Northeast, the heartland of the Algonquin speakers.

Ranking in the Japanese samurai tradition, for example, was based as much on seniority as on other warrior qualities. As in almost all areas, California-area armor comes over time to have a meaning not directly related to its original practical martial intent. True to the well-nigh universal pattern, the fetishistic or symbolic armor is typically associated with male power. At least two possibilities of this type of armor are found in the California area. The Hupa are ethnologically famous for their White Deerskin Dance.

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Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications by David E. Jones

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