Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications by David E. Jones PDF
By David E. Jones
From the Chickasaw battling the Choctaw within the Southeast to the Sioux scuffling with the Cheyenne at the nice Plains, struggle used to be endemic one of the North American Indians whilst Europeans first arrived in this continent. a powerful array of offensive weaponry and conflict strategies gave upward thrust to an both amazing variety of protective expertise. local american citizens built very potent armor and shields utilizing wooden, bone, and leather-based. Their fortifications ranged from uncomplicated refuges to walled and moated stockades to a number of stockades associated in strategic shielding networks. during this publication, David E. Jones deals the 1st systematic comparative research of the shielding armor and fortifications of aboriginal local american citizens. Drawing information from ethnohistorical bills and archaeological facts, he surveys using armor, shields, and fortifications either sooner than ecu touch and through the historical interval by means of American Indians from the Southeast to the Northwest Coast, from the Northeast Woodlands to the wasteland Southwest, and from the Sub-Arctic to the nice Plains. Jones additionally demonstrates the sociocultural components that affected war and formed the advance of other varieties of armor and fortifications. huge eyewitness descriptions of battle, armor, and fortifications, in addition to photographs and sketches of Indian armor from museum collections, upload a visible measurement to the textual content. (2006)
Read or Download Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications PDF
Best native american studies books
The Kuna of Panama, at the present time the best recognized indigenous peoples of Latin the US, moved over the process the 20 th century from orality and isolation in the direction of literacy and an energetic engagement with the country and the realm. spotting the fascination their tradition has held for plenty of outsiders, Kuna intellectuals and villagers have collaborated actively with international anthropologists to counter anti-Indian prejudice with confident debts in their humans, therefore turning into the brokers in addition to topics of ethnography.
Millions of individuals in Alberta and Montana communicate Blackfoot, an Algonquian language. however the numbers are diminishing, and the survival of Blackfoot is in a few threat. to aid look after the language whereas it really is nonetheless in day-by-day use, Donald G. Frantz and Norma Jean Russell collaborated at the Blackfoot Dictionary, released in 1989 to common acclaim, and revised in a moment variation in 1995.
Addressing, for the 1st time, the enigma of the way Franz Boas got here to be the vital founding father of anthropology and a motive force within the recognition of technology as a part of societal existence in North the US, this exploration breaks during the linguistic and cultural limitations that experience avoided students from greedy the significance of Boas's own history and educational actions as a German Jew.
Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (Northern Paiute) has lengthy been famous as an incredible nineteenth-century American Indian activist and author. but her acclaimed performances and conversing excursions around the usa, in addition to the copious newspaper articles that grew out of these excursions, were mostly missed and forgotten.
- American Indians in the U.S
- First Manhattans: A History of the Indians of Greater New York
- The Potawatomis: Keepers of the Fire
- Pocahontas's people: the Powhatan Indians of Virginia through four centuries
Extra resources for Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications
It was then shaped and weighted over an ovoid mound of dirt, which gave it its unique dishshaped proﬁle. As it dried, it hardened. Sometimes they hung it over a low ﬁre to accelerate the hardening. After trimming it, they added a handgrip inside. Finally, it was painted and decorated. Such a shield, according to Ewers, “was sturdy enough to stop an arrow and to deaden or deﬂect the force of a ball from a muzzle-loading ﬂintlock” (1980, 203). Also expensive, it cost at least one horse. Poor men who could not afford such a weapon carried a buffalo robe with the hair still attached, wrapped several times around their left arm to serve as a shield.
Fortiﬁcations Roaming the Plains from the headwaters of the Missouri and Milk Rivers and north into Alberta and Saskatchewan, the nomadic tribes known collectively as the Blackfeet held sway for several centuries. Key to the life of the Blackfeet was access to the enormous herds of bison that roamed the high plains from northern Mexico to the forests of Canada. The three Blackfeet tribes—Kainah (Blood), Piegan (Torn Robes), and Siksika (Blackfooted People)—speak an Algonquin language and originated in the Northeast, the heartland of the Algonquin speakers.
Ranking in the Japanese samurai tradition, for example, was based as much on seniority as on other warrior qualities. As in almost all areas, California-area armor comes over time to have a meaning not directly related to its original practical martial intent. True to the well-nigh universal pattern, the fetishistic or symbolic armor is typically associated with male power. At least two possibilities of this type of armor are found in the California area. The Hupa are ethnologically famous for their White Deerskin Dance.
Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications by David E. Jones