Read e-book online Michel Tournier and the Metaphor of Fiction (Modern French PDF
By David Platten
Michel Tournier is a author who explores complicated philosophical questions within the guise of concrete, imagistic narratives. This finished learn privileges the inspiration of literary reference, wherein the realm of textual content is known or skilled in metaphorical relation to the realm outdoor of it. Metaphor, within the context of Tournier's fiction, indicates how the wonderful merges with the true to supply new views on many different features of the trendy global: the Crusoe delusion, Nazism, the price to society of paintings and faith, and the character of schooling. This booklet elucidates a classy of Tournier's fiction that encompasses the writer's said ambition to head past literature.
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Additional resources for Michel Tournier and the Metaphor of Fiction (Modern French Writers)
Often the use of a particular model may amount to nothing more than a strained and artiﬁcial description of a well-mapped domain. But on other occasions it may highlight what has previously been overlooked, or shift the relative emphasis attached to details; in general it may help us to see new connections. Recent thinkers such as Goodman (working speciﬁcally within the framework of pictorial art), Ortony and Kittay have wrestled with the diﬃculties involved in discriminating between the literal and the metaphorical use of language.
Literature records the triumph of metaphor. It is not about the way that texts deconstruct themselves. Instead it speaks of our fundamental desire to make connections, create categorical sets and design the world in the way that Ricardou says metaphor does. Ricardou’s conclusion that all is metaphor,68 and my reading of his experimental novel, that the ants show the unstoppable, perhaps ultimately futile instinct of humans constantly to organise and reorder their environment, funnels into the re-evaluation of metaphor in a nonliterary context conducted with a rare panache by American linguists George Lakoﬀ and Mark Johnson.
However, Lakoﬀ and Johnson are primarily interested in the sophisticated language games of an advanced society, and it is in this context that the ‘orientational’ metaphors serve paradoxically to draw a distinction between the metaphorical and the literal. Language which is literal, they say, speaks of how ‘we understand our experience directly when we see it as being structured directly from interaction with and in our environment’. 73 This deﬁnition is only possible, and therefore only relevant, as an overview, a conclusion to the progressive unfolding of truths and myths that has preceded it.
Michel Tournier and the Metaphor of Fiction (Modern French Writers) by David Platten