Sven Erik Jørgensen's Applications in Ecological Engineering PDF
By Sven Erik Jørgensen
Ecological engineering comprises the layout, building and administration of ecosystems that experience price to either people and the surroundings. it's a swiftly constructing self-discipline that offers a promising know-how to resolve environmental problems. Ecological Engineering covers the elemental thought of ecological engineering in addition to the appliance of those ideas in environmental administration.
- Provides an summary of the idea and alertness of environmental engineering
- International concentration and diversity of ecosystems makes Ecological Engineering an quintessential source to scientists
- Based at the best-selling Encyclopedia of Ecology
- Full-color figures and tables aid the textual content and relief in understanding
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Extra info for Applications in Ecological Engineering
Environmental Impact Assessment and Application – Part 1 17 Table 2 Examples of list of projects for mandatory EIA Extractive industry Extraction of oil Extraction of gas Extraction of coal Extraction of ores Chemical industry Petrochemical complexes Production of organic and inorganic substances Production of explosive substances Processing of coal Pharmaceutical processes Energy industry Generating of electricity from nuclear power Coal gasification plant Disposal of radioactive waste Production and processing of metals Iron and steel industry Cold rolling of steel Production and processing of non-ferrous metals Manufacturing of non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of cement Manufactures of asbestos–cement production Food industry Slaughter houses Manufacture and refining sugar Meet processing Building and civil engineering Construction of motorways Airports Commercial harbors Construction of waterways Installation of surface pipelines for long-distance transport Installation of electricity lines Waste management Disposal facilities for dangerous waste Disposal facilities for municipal waste Construction of incineration plant Water management Construction of reservoir (volume > 10 millions m3)a Pumping of ground water (> 10 millions m3 yr 1)a Water consumption (> 100 millions m3 yr 1)a Construction of waste water treatment plant Construction of sewer system a Values accepted in EU countries.
Potential impacts of a bridge include changes to channel hydraulics upstream and downstream of the structure as well as immediately around the bridge piers. Any nar rowing of the channel can restrict flows and increase river velocity at crossing site. This increase of velocity can lead to erosion around the bridge abutments and piers. The channel restriction can also impede the move ment of ice at breakup and lead to ice jams if the bridge is not designed properly. During construction, depending on construction techniques, the river may be constricted to allow construction to occur away from the flow of the river to reduce sediment release.
The proper answers to these ‘question’ are crucial for final decision-making about the project. 24 Environmental Impact Assessment and Application – Part 2 Further, these impacts are predicted for the preconstruc tion/construction, operation, and the decommissioning/ abandonment phase of the proposed project. In addition, impact of the environment on the project has to be con sidered as well. Current standard construction practice generally includes environmental protection measures that will mitigate many potential environmental concerns.
Applications in Ecological Engineering by Sven Erik Jørgensen