Download PDF by Jorick S. Vink: Very Massive Stars in the Local Universe


By Jorick S. Vink

ISBN-10: 3319095951

ISBN-13: 9783319095950

ISBN-10: 331909596X

ISBN-13: 9783319095967

This publication provides the prestige of study on very significant stars within the Universe. whereas it's been claimed that stars with over a hundred sunlight plenty existed within the very early Universe, contemporary experiences have additionally mentioned the life and deaths of stars as much as three hundred sun plenty within the neighborhood Universe. This represents a paradigm shift for the stellar upper-mass restrict, which can have significant implications a long way past the sector of stellar physics.

The publication includes 7 chapters, which describe this self-discipline and supply enough heritage and introductory content material for graduate (PhD) scholars and researchers from diversified branches of astronomy which will input this intriguing new box of very significant stars.

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2009) also obtained simultaneous polarimetric data in which they clearly detected Zeeman signatures in the Q and U profiles. Interestingly, these profiles also showed variability. A clear periodicity of 159 d could be identified. Using this period, they obtained an orbital 2 Empirical Properties of Very Massive Stars 39 solution for the radial velocity curve yielding Msin3 i = 116 ˙ 33 Mˇ (48 ˙ 20 Mˇ ) for the primary (secondary). The mass ratio of 2:4˙1:2 was in reasonable agreement with that determined from the visible continuum flux.

Upper left panel: effect of photometry. The luminosity of the stars is computed using both the HST/NICMOS and VLT/NACO photometry (Figer et al. 1999; Espinoza et al. 2009). 0 kpc and effective temperatures are from Martins et al. (2008). Upper right panel: effect of extinction. 9 is adopted and is transformed into AK using the relations of Rieke and Lebofsky (1985), Nishiyama et al. (2009) and Espinoza et al. (2009). Bottom panel: extreme values of the Arches luminosities obtained by combining the faintest (brightest) photometry (Figer et al.

Astronomy and Astrophysics, 537, A146. , Selman, F. , & Melnick, J. (2009). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 501, 563. Feitzinger, J. , & Winkler, C. (1980). Astronomy and Astrophysics, 84, 50. Figer, D. F. (2005). Nature, 434, 192. Figer, D. , Kim, S. , et al. (1999). Astrophysical Journal, 525, 750. 2 Empirical Properties of Very Massive Stars 41 Figer, D. , MacKenty, J. , et al. (2006). Astrophysical Journal, 643, 1166. Figer, D. , et al. (2002). Astrophysical Journal, 581, 258. Figer, D. , et al.

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