The Science of Leonardo: Inside the Mind of the Great Genius - download pdf or read online


By Fritjof Capra

ISBN-10: 1400078830

ISBN-13: 9781400078837

Leonardo da Vinci's clinical explorations have been almost unknown in the course of his lifetime, regardless of their terribly wide selection. He studied the flight styles of birds to create a few of the first human flying machines; designed army guns and defenses; studied optics, hydraulics, and the workings of the human circulatory approach; and created designs for rebuilding Milan, applying ideas nonetheless utilized by urban planners at the present time. possibly most significantly, Leonardo pioneered an empirical, systematic method of the statement of nature-what is understood this day because the clinical method.Drawing on over 6,000 pages of Leonardo's surviving notebooks, acclaimed scientist and bestselling writer Fritjof Capra unearths Leonardo's inventive method of medical wisdom and his natural and ecological worldview. during this attention-grabbing portrait of a philosopher centuries prior to his time, Leonardo singularly emerges because the unacknowledged “father of recent science.”

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These people want this new star and all others of its kind to descend little by little from the depths of nature, which, they assert, extend to an infinite altitude, until according to the laws of optics it b ecomes very large and attracts the eyes of men; then it goes back to an infinite altitude and every day [becomes] so much smaller as it moves higher. Those who hold this opinion consider that the nature of the skies conforms to the law of the circle; therefore the descent is bound to engender the opposite ascent, as is the case with wheels .

Thus, if they were placed on the same spherical s urface of which we are the center, the eye located on one of them would see the other as having the angular magnitude of about 21 ° ; [a n1agnitude] that for us on the earth would not be occupied by five suns placed in line and touching each other. And yet these fixed stars are by no m eans those that are the nearest to each other; for there are innumerable smaller ones that are interspersed [between them] . Thus if somebody were placed in this belt of Orion, having our sun and the center of the world above him, he would see, first, on the horizon, a kind of unbroken sea of immense stars quasi-touching each other, at least to the sight; and from there, the more he raised his eyes, the fewer stars would he see; moreover, the stars will no longer be in contact, but will gradually [appear to be] more rare and more dispersed; and looking straight upward he will see the s ame [stars] as we see, but twice as small and twice as near to each other.

It could be said, of course, that thy earth has a moon And why shouldn't they be ? There is, according to Kepler - who, for our world, accepts the teachings of Nicholas of eusa and Bruno ­ no reason to deny this possibility. As for the other discoverie s of Galileo, namely, those concerning the fixed stars, Kepler points out that they enhance the difference between the stars and the planets . Whereas the latter are strongly magnified by the tele­ scope and appear as well-defined discs, the former hardly increase their dimensio ns for, seen through the telescope , they are deprived of the luminou s haze that surrounds them, 2 5 a fact of tremendous importance because it shows that this haze belongs not to the seen stars but to the seeing eye, in other words, that it is not an obj e� ive but a subjective phenom enon and that, whereas the VISIble � dimensions of the planets have a determinate relation to their real ones, this is not the case for the fixed stars .

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The Science of Leonardo: Inside the Mind of the Great Genius of the Renaissance by Fritjof Capra

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