Download e-book for kindle: Shaping the Eighteenth Amendment: temperance reform, legal by Richard Hamm
By Richard Hamm
Richard Hamm examines prohibitionists' fight for reform from the overdue 19th century to their nice victory in securing passage of the Eighteenth modification. as the prohibition flow was once a indispensable reform attempt, Hamm makes use of it as a case learn to develop a normal conception in regards to the interplay among reformers and the nation throughout the Gilded Age and innovative period. so much scholarship on prohibition makes a speciality of its social context, yet Hamm explores how the rules of trade and the federal tax constitution molded the drys' campaign. Federalism gave the drys a constrained setting--individual states--as a proving flooring for his or her proposals. yet federal rules brought on a chain of crises within the states that the drys strove to beat. in keeping with Hamm, interplay with the government method helped to reshape prohibitionists' felony culture--that is, their principles approximately what legislations used to be and the way it can be used.
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Additional info for Shaping the Eighteenth Amendment: temperance reform, legal culture, and the polity, 1880-1920
While it details the prohibitionists' interaction with the federal system from 1880 to 1920, its larger goal is to illuminate how the American polity shaped reform. The bulk of the book is an account of the prohibitionists' struggles to create a dry nation; yet it also speaks to the broader topic of how the polity influenced reforms. Throughout the text, to underscore the larger point of the book, the prohibition example is compared to the histories of other social reforms and interest groups within the polity, such as purity crusaders, antigambling advocates, pure-food reformers, opponents of child labor, and conservationists.
In particular, pietists, members of evangelical sects, including Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians, whose religions rested on the bedrock of conversion and good behavior, saw prohibition as a needed corrective to the nation's moral laxity and resulting social problems. LiturgicalsCatholics, Episcopalians, and German Lutherans, espousing religions that emphasized belief over actiondid not find prohibition an appealing method of remedying social ills. Since religion followed ethnic lines, old-stock Americansof English and Scottish heritageand some Scandinavian immigrants and their children more often supported prohibition than the Irish, German, Italian, and Polish immigrants, along with their descendants.
Thus, in the early part of the nineteenth century, liquor lost its legitimate role in many parts of American society. The Second Great Awakening altered many middle-class Americans' view of alcoholic beverages. Going beyond the ideas of the earlier agitators, the new evangelicals saw liquor not as a necessary and benign part of life, but as an evil influence that threatened to weaken society by destroying individuals. They abstained from spirits themselves and sought to convince others to do so.
Shaping the Eighteenth Amendment: temperance reform, legal culture, and the polity, 1880-1920 by Richard Hamm