Read e-book online Science, philosophy and physical geography PDF

Environmental Studies

By Robert Inkpen, Graham Wilson

ISBN-10: 0203498488

ISBN-13: 9780203498484

ISBN-10: 0203570626

ISBN-13: 9780203570623

ISBN-10: 0415279542

ISBN-13: 9780415279543

This obtainable and fascinating textual content explores the connection among philosophy, technology and actual geography. It addresses an imbalance that exists in opinion, educating and to a lesser quantity learn, among a philosophically enriched human geography and a perceived philosophically ignorant actual geography.Science, Philosophy and actual Geography, demanding situations the parable that there's a unmarried self-evident medical process, that could and is utilized in a simple demeanour through actual geographers. It demonstrates the diversity of different philosophical views. additionally it emphasizes the adaptation that the true international geographical context and the geographer make to the learn of environmental phenomenon. This incorporates a attention of the dynamic courting among human and actual geography. eventually, it demonstrates the relevance of philosophy for either an realizing of released fabric and for the layout and implementation of reviews in actual geography. Key topics resembling worldwide warming, species and evolution and fluvial geomorphology are used to supply illustrations of key strategies in each one bankruptcy. extra examining is equipped on the finish of every bankruptcy.

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Extra info for Science, philosophy and physical geography

Sample text

Our theories make predictions that happen, our theories produce useful results so they seem to be useful: the pragmatic utility view of reality. This view tends to be seen as the least acceptable by scientists. It makes no claims about any movement towards an ultimate knowledge of reality. It makes no claims that our theories are more coherent than theories of the past, nor that coherence with current beliefs is the most appropriate way to assess the worth of a theory. Instead, usefulness replaces the quest for truth as the basis for theory selection and representation of reality.

A single data point that does not fit the theory developed reduces the truth-value of that theory, breaking its supposed explanation of other data. The nature of reality • 29 1 Deductive reasoning is based on the development of a logically, internally consistent argument. This approach has been called syllogistic reasoning: a conclusion follows logically and inexplicably from two premises. In its guise as the covering law model, the two premises are a set of initial conditions and a covering law.

First, the sign must represent an object in some manner. This representation is based or grounded in the sign itself. The sign provides a quality to the object that exists within 34 • Science, philosophy and physical geography the sign. The example Baker uses is of a rock being observed as foliated. The quality of foliation is a quality given to the object, the rock, by the sign. Second, the sign must be interpreted by an interpretant. A sign represents an object only if there is an interpretant to correlate or draw the two together.

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Science, philosophy and physical geography by Robert Inkpen, Graham Wilson

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