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By Michael E. Harkin, David Rich Lewis, Brian Hosmer, Shepard Krech III, Judith Antell
Local americans and the surroundings brings jointly an interdisciplinary team of widespread students whose works proceed and complicate the conversations that Shepard Krech all started within the Ecological Indian. Hailed as a masterful synthesis and but assailed as a problematical political tract, Shepard Krech’s paintings triggered major discussions in scholarly groups and between local Americans. Rather than offer an specific evaluation of Krech’s thesis, the participants to this quantity discover comparable ancient and modern subject matters and matters regarding local american citizens and the surroundings, reflecting their very own learn and adventure. while, in addition they determine the bigger factor of illustration. The essays research issues as divergent as Pleistocene extinctions and the matter of storing nuclear waste on sleek reservations. additionally they tackle a twin of the “ecological Indian” and its use in common heritage monitors along a attention of the application and effects of utilizing this type of robust stereotype for political reasons. the character and evolution of conventional ecological wisdom is tested, as is the divergence among trust and perform in local source administration. Geographically, the focal point extends from the japanese Subarctic to the Northwest Coast, from the good Lakes to the good Plains to the nice Basin. (20080609)
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Additional info for Native Americans and the Environment: Perspectives on the Ecological Indian
2 My most general conclusion is that the rhetoric implicit in the image of the Ecological Indian masks complex and differing realities. Speciﬁc conclusions on the ﬁt between image and behavior with respect to ecology, conservation, and other topics were mixed. To begin with, there were probably no more than 4 to 7 million people in North America on the eve of the arrival of Europeans. 1 million in Virginia (and only 500,000 in Wyoming). Imagine the population of Colorado or Virginia scattered to the continent’s winds and you might begin to imagine how often you would encounter other 4 | shepard krech iii human beings.
One group caused the local extinction of fruit trees by cutting them down—because only slaves climb trees, they said, to pick fruit, and they no longer had slaves, but they did have axes (Alvard 1993, 1994; Hames 1987, 1991; FitzGibbon 1998). This research also shows that when Amazonian indigenous people have taken actions contradicting their image as Ecological Indians—an image both they and various outsiders have promoted—they have incurred the wrath of international conservationists and environmentalists (as the Kayapos did when they engineered gold mining and timber harvests on their lands rather than fulﬁlling the goals of the international conservation community) and risked action against their claims or hopes for sovereign control over their lands.
2005. Transcending the debate over the ecologically noble Indian: Indigenous peoples and environmentalism. Ethnohistory 52:291–332. Ortner, Sherry. 1973. On key symbols. American Anthropologist 75:1338–76. Ostler, Jeffrey. 1999. “They regard their passing as Wakan”: Interpreting western Sioux explanations for the bison’s decline. Western Historical Quarterly 30 (Winter): 475–97. Smith, Sherry L. 2000. Reimagining Indians: Native Americans through Anglo eyes, 1880–1940. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Native Americans and the Environment: Perspectives on the Ecological Indian by Michael E. Harkin, David Rich Lewis, Brian Hosmer, Shepard Krech III, Judith Antell