New PDF release: Eureka!: The Birth of Science


By Andrew Gregory

ISBN-10: 178578191X

ISBN-13: 9781785781919

Medicine, anatomy, astronomy, arithmetic and cosmology, technology begun with the Greeks, and Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Archimedes and Hippocrates have been among its stars. That guy ever controlled to enhance a "scientific" angle to the wildlife in any respect is likely one of the real wonders of human thought.

Eureka! exhibits how, unfastened from highbrow and spiritual dogma, those early thinkers rejected myths and capricious gods and, in distinguishing among the typical and supernatural, successfully found nature.

Andrew Gregory, Professor of background and Philosophy of technological know-how at college collage London unravels the genesis of technology during this interesting exploration of the origins of Western civilisation, and our hope for a rational, legitimating approach of the world.

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Additional resources for Eureka!: The Birth of Science

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Humans, in the beginning, were similar to another animal, namely to fish. For the first time, we see an account of the origins of the cosmos and of life in entirely natural terms. Crucially, mankind was located firmly in nature. Once the Greeks began to have theories about the nature of the heavens and the earth, rather than myths and poems, the sophistication of their cosmologies rapidly increased. We do not see anything like this in ancient societies which had a dependence on mythopoeic thought.

Certainly, the Greeks loved their philosophical debates, and theories were put to the test in discussions between philosophers. The quality of the theory and the evidence for it were examined minutely. However, some of the Greeks came to realise that there was another factor in these debates apart from the strength of the theory, which was the ability of the debater. It worried the ancient Greeks that the weaker theory could be made to defeat the stronger, in the hands of a good debater. There also emerged a group known as the Sophists, who were professional arguers.

It was commonly thought that epileptic fits were due to possession by the gods, to some divine intervention, and hence ‘sacred’. Yet the Hippocratics put their point bluntly and forcefully in the opening passage of On the Sacred Disease: In my opinion, the so-called ‘sacred disease’ is no more divine or sacred than any other disease, but has a natural cause, and men consider it divine because of inexperience and wonder, it being unlike other diseases. In The Science of Medicine, their view is crystal clear: Every disease has a natural cause, and no event occurs without a natural cause.

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Eureka!: The Birth of Science by Andrew Gregory

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