Download e-book for kindle: Chiefs of the Sea and Sky: Haida Heritage Sites of the Queen by George F. MacDonald
By George F. MacDonald
In 1966 the nationwide Museum of guy introduced an enormous application of prehistoric study at the northern coast of British Columbia, a undertaking which used to be conducted over 20 years. a tremendous a part of that application used to be the mapping and recording of the main villages of the Haida at the Queen Charlotte Islands. In "Chiefs of the ocean and sky", archaeologist George F. MacDonald presents an summary of this huge learn at the Haida. He recounts the heritage of eighteen of the most important villages, telling the tale in their humans and describing the location in their homes and different recognized constructions. In his advent, he explains how the Haida's mammoth cedar homes and totem poles are a part of a desirable non secular and fabric tradition which integrates kin, background, ritual and method. the varied historic pictures which accompany the textual content illustrate the richness and diversity of Haida sculpture; they exhibit the villages on the top in their glory within the Eighties and Nineties and of their next and tragic decay. "George F. MacDonald is Director of the Canadian Museum of Civilization. he's the writer of "Haida huge artwork.
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Additional resources for Chiefs of the Sea and Sky: Haida Heritage Sites of the Queen Charlotte Islands
Were great fighters and sent expeditions in all directions" (1909:105). Swanton suggests thai: the inhabitants of numerous small towns of the Kunghit Haida gathered at Ninstints in the middle decades of the nineteenth century. The family which ruled Ninstints at the time of first contact with the Europeans were Ravens, while an Eagle family controlled the village during the half century before it was abandoned. Anthony Island is small and exposed to the sweep of the open Pacific. However, the village site of Ninstints is the most secluded and protected of all major Haida villages, since it lies in a sheltered bay on the eastern side of the island and is further protected by a rocky islet facing the village.
Left The only historic pole stili standing in Skidegate, thrs memorial was erected in 1882. The main crest figure is a beaver, 1963 i N F B PNN62i 3? SSSSSSSSSSSSSS ggfgfg HAINA (NEW GOLD HARBOUR) is situated on the eastern end of Maude Island, only a few miles from Skidegate. " The site of Haina was said to have been the location of a prehistoric town. In 1850, the discovery of gold near Chaatl brought the west coast villages into brief but intensive contact with white miners and traders. From these outsiders the villagers caught diseases, such as smallpox and tuberculosis, that decimated their populations.
Swanton claims that the townsite earlier belonged to a Raven lineage, who had abandoned it. " Europeans called him Skotsgai, a corruption of part of his name. They also frequently referred to the town as Gold Harbour, since it was near the gold strike at Mitchell Inlet, or as Old Gold Harbour, to differentiate it from New Gold Harbour (Haina). John Work credits the town with eighteen houses and 329 people, while Swanton's informants remembered the names of twenty houses. Traces of only fifteen houses could be detected in mapping the village.
Chiefs of the Sea and Sky: Haida Heritage Sites of the Queen Charlotte Islands by George F. MacDonald