Robin Hooper's Tokelauan PDF
By Robin Hooper
Tokelau contains 3 atolls, Atafu, Nukunono and Fakaofo, located 750 miles northwest of Samoa. Tokelauan belongs to the Polynesian sub-group of Austronesian. it's spoken by means of approximately nearly 5000 humans, of whom approximately 1600 stay within the atolls, approximately 3000 in New Zealand, and several other hundred in different places within the Pacific area. The phonology and morphology are average of Polynesian languages. the most morphological approaches are reduplication, compounding and derivation. quantity, stressful and point are indicated by means of debris, and there's little within the method of inflectional morphology. The pronoun process is advanced, and an inclusive-exclusive contrast is made in twin and plural pronouns. kinds if ownership marking encode a semantic contrast betweeen (loosely) inalienable and alienable ownership. In such a lot reports of Polynesian languages, the smallest handy unit of research is taken to be the word, and this conference is right here. Sections at the constitution of the noun word and the verb word are through an outline of clause constitution. All clauses comprise a predicate, of which there are a number of differing types: verbal, locative, existential, possessive, and nominal. Noun word kinfolk within the clause are indicated by way of prepositions, and verbal clauses have the ergative case-marking common of Western Polynesian languages. Nominalisation, complementation, and types of clause mixture are in brief defined. even though Tokelauan is typologically verb preliminary, noun word preliminary clauses are universal as a result of pragmatic and discourse elements similar to topicalization and focussing. Robin Hooper is Lecturer in English Linguistics on the college of Auckland, New Zealand. The author's paintings on Tokelauan is predicated on years' fieldwork in Fakaofo within the Seventies and carrying on with learn between Tokelauan and comparative Polynesian or Oceanic syntax, and information within the construction of a Tokelauan dictionary.
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Tokelauan by Robin Hooper