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By Jan-Ulrich Sobisch
Because the twelfth century, a important characteristic of Buddhism in Tibet used to be its harmonizing of tantric perform with the ethical codes of monastic self-discipline and Bodhisattva altruism. All masters maintained the vajrayana or tantric route to be stronger to the 2 „lower“ codes, yet they defined this superiority in a different way. within the current learn, Jan-Ulrich Sobisch explores for the 1st time intimately the 3 major options maintained by way of the oldest Tibetan colleges for explaining the kinfolk of the 3 codes.
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Extra info for Three-vow theories in Tibetan Buddhism : a comparative study of major traditions from the twelfth through nineteenth centuries
Thus it is not a ritual independent from the ritual of the auditors, and it is actually not an uncommon ritual proper, but it is compatible with it because of the duration of its vow. Both kinds of these uncommon rituals (or rituals compatible with the uncommon ones) , i . e . those that are no longer in use and those that still are, are surmnarized as "present-day rituals " (da itar gyi cho ga) . It may seem odd to call a died-out ritual a "present-day ritual, " and the only explanation that I can think of is that the ones that have died out are probably subsumed under "present-day rituals" because they belong to the teaching period of S akyamuni Buddha.
Ad pa [Replies to Questions: A Blossoming Lotus] , This supplement also inspired commentaries by later scholars such as Mang-thos Klu sgrub-rgya-mtsho, Ngag-dbang-chos-grags, Chos-rnam-rgyal and even the modern scholar mKhan-po Sangs-rgyas-bstan-' dzin. ' 62. The Summarized Topics of the Supplements for the [Clear Differentiation of the] Three Vows (sDom gsum kha skong gi bsdus don) . This work was written at rTa-nag (after 1474) . 76 It is a sununary of the above writing (no . 6 1) . For the present thesis I have used work no.
The Tibetan tenn seems to express a sense of "canonicity " of the works listed above. Cf. Tibetan-Chinese Dictionary, " 'dul ba lung sde bzhi. " 88 See also Go-rams-pa, Detailed Exposition, p. 132, fol. 26v. For the story of the Hare from the Saiajiitaka, see Ludwig Alsdorf (1974) : "Kleine Schriften, " (Glasenapp-Stiftung Bd. 10), A. ), Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 347-363 . 38 The Three-Vow Theories i n Tibetan Buddhism of the serpent demon appears in the Satra of the Wise and the Foolish.
Three-vow theories in Tibetan Buddhism : a comparative study of major traditions from the twelfth through nineteenth centuries by Jan-Ulrich Sobisch