Read e-book online The Survey of Palestine Under the British Mandate, 1920-1948 PDF
By Dov Gavish
This booklet is a ancient examine of the survey and mapping approach of Palestine lower than the British Mandate. It lines the heritage and the reasoning in the back of the institution of the survey programme, examines the rules upon which the approach used to be dependent, and strives to appreciate the inducement of these who carried out it. This examine exhibits that the roots of the fashionable survey process of Palestine are to be sought within the Balfour announcement and its implications relating to land in Palestine. The land factor used to be on the middle of the mapping of needed Palestine, and it continues to be as a center factor on the center of the Israeli-Palestinian dispute.
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Additional info for The Survey of Palestine Under the British Mandate, 1920-1948 (Routledgecurzon Studies in Middle Eastern History)
48 It only began actual work on reaching Jerusalem on 12 October 1917, less than a month before the Turkish retreat from southern Palestine. 49 This German military field survey company managed to operate for about ten months, until the war’s end. In this period it produced thirty-nine sheets of central Palestine on a scale of 1:50,000, and seven sheets on a scale of 1:25,000 of the region of the defensive lines from the western Auja to Jerusalem. In June 1918 this unit also published a map on a scale of 1:100,000, which was a reduced version of its 1:50,000 map.
Two main constraints beset all survey and mapping work: chance and time limitations. The mapping teams that came to the country were uncoordinated, and the cartographic objectives were determined by the interests and predilections of individual explorers or groups. In addition, the map-makers were restricted in the course of their work. If we have come to regard country-wide, national topographic mapping as the main milestone in the evolution of the mapping of Palestine—from Napoleon Bonaparte’s map to the maps of the First World War—it is difficult to evaluate all these maps according to common standards of measurement, gathering of data, and graphic representation.
8 Also, after the war ended, the administration did not get around to mapping because it had more important things to do, and because it did not have at its disposal the financial means to carry out any mapping. Moreover, setting up a civilian mapping unit, with all its legal implications, would have contradicted the order to observe the existing Ottoman laws (which, however, did not relate to this). Civilian mapping has entirely different objectives from those of military mapping, deriving from the great variety of potential applications.
The Survey of Palestine Under the British Mandate, 1920-1948 (Routledgecurzon Studies in Middle Eastern History) by Dov Gavish