New PDF release: The Power of Denial: Buddhism, Purity, and Gender
By Bernard Faure
Innumerable experiences have seemed in fresh a long time approximately essentially each point of women's lives in Western societies. The few such works on Buddhism were relatively constrained in scope. within the energy of Denial, Bernard Faure takes a huge step towards redressing this case by means of boldly asking: does Buddhism supply ladies liberation or predicament? carrying on with the leading edge exploration of sexuality in Buddhism he begun within the crimson Thread, right here he strikes from his previous concentrate on male monastic sexuality to Buddhist conceptions of girls and buildings of gender. Faure argues that Buddhism is neither as sexist nor as egalitarian as is mostly proposal. exceptionally, he asserts, the research of Buddhism in the course of the gender lens leads us to query what we uncritically name Buddhism, within the singular.Faure demanding situations the traditional view that the background of ladies in Buddhism is a linear narrative of growth from oppression to liberation. reading Buddhist discourse on gender in traditions akin to that of Japan, he indicates that patriarchy--indeed, misogyny--has lengthy been important to Buddhism. yet girls weren't constantly silent, passive sufferers. Faure issues to the valuable position not just of nuns and moms (and better halves) of clergymen yet of lady mediums and courtesans, whose colourful kinfolk with Buddhist clergymen he considers in particular.Ultimately, Faure concludes that whereas Buddhism is, in perform, relentlessly misogynist, so far as misogynist discourses pass it truly is probably the most versatile and open to contradiction. And, he indicates, unyielding in-depth exam can assist revitalize Buddhism's deeper, extra old egalitarianism and therefore subvert its latest gender hierarchy. This groundbreaking booklet deals a clean, finished realizing of what Buddhism has to claim approximately gender, and of what this fairly says approximately Buddhism, singular or plural.
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Extra info for The Power of Denial: Buddhism, Purity, and Gender (Buddhisms: A Princeton University Press Series)
Vegetarianism, relatively marginal in monks’ biographies, plays a prominent role in their biographies. ”16 With their rapid increase in numbers, nuns eventually became quite inﬂuential—so much so that, like their male colleagues, they became a target of anticlerical criticism. 17 Likewise, under Emperor An (r. 397–418), a close connection existed be- THE SECOND ORDER 27 tween metropolitan nunneries and the court, especially the imperial harem. In 398, Xu Yong denounced male and female clerics and their role in court intrigues.
The important role played by such convents, owing to their ties with the imperial family and the nobility, should not obscure the existence, and manifold functions, of many other kinds of convents throughout Japan. At Myo¯shinji, a Rinzai convent in Kii peninsula built toward the midﬁfteenth century, and the headquarters of the Kumano bikuni, nuns were particularly active in raising donations. 53 A few other nunneries, like Zenko¯ji in Shinano and Seiganji in Owari, received similar imperial favors.
The ama gozan convents, in which daughters of good family were cloistered from their childhood, were only the most visible institutions. Unlike them, other convents were usually populated with widow-nuns. The development of these two types of institutions was largely a response to societal changes. The multiplication of convents for widow-nuns, for instance, reﬂects a change of perception regarding the status of single women. With the progress of patriarchal ideology, it became increasingly difﬁcult for widows to remarry; the best solution for them was to live the rest of their lives in a nunnery.
The Power of Denial: Buddhism, Purity, and Gender (Buddhisms: A Princeton University Press Series) by Bernard Faure