The Holocaust in occupied Poland : new findings and new - download pdf or read online
By Jan Tomasz Gross
New archival fabrics have supplied the root for rethinking the dynamic of the Holocaust in Poland. those historic assets consist essentially of courtroom papers from postwar trials of Polish voters. utilizing such documents, historians are actually greater in a position to rfile and write the dramatic tale of antagonism among Jews evading the Nazi dragnet, and a opposed rural population which occasionally collaborated in persecution. even supposing very important works at the Holocaust seemed prior in Poland, purely over the past a number of years has a scholarly milieu emerged within the kingdom for taking the Holocaust out of its highbrow ghetto as a strictly «Jewish» topic, and repositioning it on the heart of Poland’s wartime historical past.
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Extra info for The Holocaust in occupied Poland : new findings and new interpretations
The Germans then were reported to have left the town. 17 The news about what had happened in Radziłów must have influenced the attitude of the Polish “activists” in Jedwabne. ” In the order of 29 June 1941, RSHA chief Reinhard Heydrich wrote, “No obstacles should be made for the efforts aimed at self-cleaning among anti-communist and anti-Jewish circles in the newly occupied territories. 21 The behavior of the mys- Jedwabne before the Court 33 terious Gestapo men in Jedwabne and Radziłów—initiating a pogrom and withdrawal at the climactic moment—strikingly fits the scheme.
A new witness was Julia Sokołowska, who in 1941 had worked as a cook at the gendarmerie post in Jedwabne. She testified that on the day of the pogrom “many gendarmes from other posts” had arrived in town. There were said to have been 240 of them, including the eight local gendarmes. 59 That was the end of the investigation, and on 16 April 1974, Monkiewicz drafted another motion to prosecute eight of the identified German gendarmes from the Jedwabne post and two German administration commissars.
The idea, presented by some of the suspects, that the Germans guarded the Poles who were guarding the Jews was not only absurd, but it also contradicted those arguments of the defense that the defendants could have easily escaped and hidden themselves. In the courtroom, some defendants complained they had been forced to give testimonies after a beating. This cannot be ruled out. 39 It does not seem, however, in this instance, given that the case did not have a political character, that the point was to force false testimonies.
The Holocaust in occupied Poland : new findings and new interpretations by Jan Tomasz Gross