Download e-book for kindle: The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling For Petroleum and by George V. Chilingar, Ryan Mourhatch, Ghazi D. Al-Qahtani


By George V. Chilingar, Ryan Mourhatch, Ghazi D. Al-Qahtani

ISBN-10: 1933762306

ISBN-13: 9781933762302

Scale or deposits can increase within the well-bore tubulars and different down-hole parts inflicting significant harm to the good. Infrastructure presents the helps for the well's approach and with oil and fuel intake at the upward thrust and transportation had to feed the call for, all petroleum and pipeline engineers should have exact corrosion and scaling details. This ebook offers the information that engineers have to deal with the issues encountered.

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Additional info for The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling For Petroleum and Environmental Engineers

Sample text

Sour flare lines 23. 4 CLASSES OF CORROSION Numerous types of steel destruction can result from the corrosion process, which are listed under the following classes of corrosion: Uniform attack. 4 Classes of Corrosion 39 is the least damaging of different types of corrosive attacks. Uniform rusting of iron and tarnishing of silver are examples of this form of corrosion attack. Crevice corrosion. Crevice corrosion is an example of localized attack in the shielded areas of metal assemblies such as pipes and collars, rod pins and boxes, tubing, and drill pipe joints.

References and Bibliography 47 Inhibitors, which reduce the corrosion and the entry of corrosiongenerated hydrogen into the rods, can reduce the frequency of corrosion fatigue failures provided that stress is within a reasonable range. Examples of field test of inhibitors for control of corrosion fatigue are discussed by Martin (1980,1983) (also see Chapter 4). REFERENCES A N D BIBLIOGRAPHY Annand, R. , 1981. Corrosion Characteristics and Control in Deep, Hot Gas Wells. Southwestern Petroleum Short Course.

Carbon dioxide dissolves in water and oil. 27) As the partial pressure of carbon dioxide increases, more acid ions are formed and the water becomes more corrosive. 10. According to Cron and Marsh (1983, p. 1034), the characteristic appearance of C 0 2 corrosion is deep, rounded pits with sharp edges. C 0 2corrosion is especially prevalent in areas of turbulence. The partial pressure of C 0 2 can be used as a yardstick to predict corrosion. 10 Relationship between corrosion rate of steel and partial pressure of C 0 2 (After Rhodes and Clark, 1936; courtesy of lndustrial and Engineering Chemistry).

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The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling For Petroleum and Environmental Engineers by George V. Chilingar, Ryan Mourhatch, Ghazi D. Al-Qahtani

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