Read e-book online The First Nations of British Columbia: An Anthropological PDF
By Robert James Muckle
The 1st countries of British Columbia provides a concise and available review of First international locations peoples, cultures, and concerns within the province. Robert Muckle familiarizes readers with the heritage, range, and complexity of First international locations with a view to supply a context for modern issues and tasks.
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Additional info for The First Nations of British Columbia: An Anthropological Survey
During the spring, summer, and autumn Interior Plateau peoples travelled in smaller family groups of between ten and thirty and lived in lodges. The lodges were constructed with a light pole framework covered with materials that depended on circumstances: tree boughs, brush, bark, or rush mats. Ethnology in British Columbia 41 These dwellings were not reused, although some of the construction materials were recycled into new lodges. Although the Ktunaxa were situated on the Interior Plateau, their settlement pattern exemplifies that of nations east of the Rocky Mountains, in the Plains culture area.
Instead of locating these villages near the ocean, as the people of the Northwest Coast did, however, people of the Interior Plateau wintered in major river valleys and built pithouses. Ethnology in British Columbia 39 Men in traditional clothing outside a summer lodge near Spences Bridge, early twentieth century. During the non-winter months, Interior peoples often lived in conical structures covered with mats made from rushes or other vegetation. Traditional clothing included garments made from animal hides.
Goat and dog hair were woven into blankets and garments. Clothing was more typically made from cedar. Ethnology in British Columbia 45 Social Organization The social organization of First Nations was complex and diverse. Nations of the Subarctic and Interior Plateau were inclined to be less complex than those of the Northwest Coast. Some interior nations did exhibit social stratification but they were much more egalitarian than coastal nations. Similarly, control of resources by specific individuals or groups within a community occurred among some interior nations but was not as common as among coastal groups.
The First Nations of British Columbia: An Anthropological Survey by Robert James Muckle