Read e-book online The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Northeast PDF
By Kathleen Bragdon
Descriptions of Indian peoples of the Northeast date to the Norse sagas, centuries prior to everlasting eu payment, and the sector has been the atmosphere for an extended heritage of touch, clash, and lodging among natives and newbies. the point of interest of a very very important box of scholarship, the Northeast is necessary either traditionally and theoretically: styles of Indian-white kinfolk that built there will be replicated many times over the process American heritage. at the present time the Northeast is still the locus of cultural negotiation and controversy, with such topics as federal reputation, gaming, land claims, and repatriation courses giving upward thrust to debates without delay expert by means of archeological and old learn of the region.
The Columbia advisor to American Indians of the Northeast is a concise and authoritative reference source to the historical past and tradition of the numerous indigenous peoples of the area. Encompassing the very most recent scholarship, this multifaceted quantity is split into 4 elements. half I provides an outline of the cultures and histories of Northeastern Indian humans and surveys the most important scholarly questions and debates that form this box. half II serves as an encyclopedia, alphabetically directory vital members and areas of vital cultural or historical that means. half III is a chronology of the key occasions within the historical past of yank Indians within the Northeast. The expertly chosen assets partially IV comprise annotated lists of tribes, bibliographies, museums and websites, released assets, websites, and flicks that may be simply accessed by way of these wishing to profit more.
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Extra resources for The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Northeast
In the seventeenth century the Delaware, too, told stories that suggested a recent movement from a more westerly homeland (Goddard 1978). ”) However, most of the information concerning life in the Northeast prior to the arrival of Europeans comes from archaeological investigations, which provide details about subsistence, settlement, and technology and hints of social relations, religion, and political organization in the past. 10 the northeast: an overview Some archaeologists and anthropologists also use archaeological data to look at broader patterns of cultural process, to show how the native peoples of the Northeast share similarities with other societies in North America and in other parts of the world.
Powhatan controlled close to thirty separate polities, who owed him tribute and were required to contribute warriors to Powhatan’s expansionist efforts. Religious worship was conducted by specialists, and while shamans still operated in these societies, the overseers of worship were responsible for tending the temples where community wealth was stored and the desiccated bodies of dead chiefs were maintained. Powhatan himself was said to have close to one hundred wives, and his recorded actions suggest that he served as a symbol of fertility for the polity as a whole.
As in many parts of North America, shamanic practices included trance induced by deprivation or the use of hallucinogenic substances. Tobacco and pipe smoking had shamanic associations in most of the region. The endless cycle of birth, growth, and death was commemorated in many ceremonies, rituals (Witthoft 1949; Tooker 1970), and stories, and linked to such diverse practices as the torture and sacrifice of prisoners (especially ritualized among the Northern Iroquoians), gambling games (found in nearly all parts of the Northeast), and the mummification of high-status individuals after death, as was described for the Powhatan in the early seventeenth century.
The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Northeast by Kathleen Bragdon