DAVID SIBLEY's The British Working Class and Enthusiasm for War 1914-1916 PDF

History 1


ISBN-10: 0203310535

ISBN-13: 9780203310533

ISBN-10: 0415350050

ISBN-13: 9780415350051

Hundreds of thousands of guys volunteered to go away domestic, fireplace and family members to visit a international land to struggle in 1914, the beginning of the most important conflict in British historical past. It used to be a warfare fought via soldier-citizens, hundreds of thousands robust, such a lot of whom had volunteered willingly to move. They made up the military that first held, after which, in 1918, ward off the German military to win the good War.The British 'Tommy' has been lionized within the many years because the battle, yet little cognizance has been made within the literature to what prompted the normal British guy to visit France, specially within the early years whilst Britain trusted the voluntary method to fill the ranks. Why might a customary working-class guy go away at the back of his task, friends and family to visit struggle a struggle that defended now not British soil, yet French? Why may a British guy hazard his existence to safeguard locations whose names he might pronounce purely slightly, if in any respect? This publication solutions why, within the phrases of the lads who have been there. old and young, from towns and kingdom, unmarried and married, they went to struggle willingly after which carried their reviews of being part of the nice struggle, and why they selected this kind of tricky and hazardous course.

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This placed responsibility for the war effort on all the parties and silenced Unionist opposition in Parliament. Second, although Asquith kept Kitchener in office because of his popularity with the public and the King, the Prime Minister stripped the Secretary of State for War of his responsibility for munitions. That responsibility went to a newly created Ministry of Munitions. 133 Lloyd George had to change tactics upon entering his new office. Beforehand, he had intended to rely on the voluntary spirit of British industry.

But both sides were exhausted and bloody, and by the middle of September the three armies had stumbled to a halt in northern France. The Times article and domestic reaction to the Mons retreat In the first weeks of the war, Britain received little bad news from the front. 62 What did emerge from France were reports of a string of Entente victories. But, by late August, disturbing information about events in France and Belgium started to appear. On 25 August, the government issued The Belgian Official Report, which summarized German actions in Belgium and recounted a wave of atrocities against civilians.

Some were the sole providers for their families. Some could not leave sick relatives. 128 These are hardly cowards hanging back to take advantage of those gone to war. Nonetheless, the government and society believed that a pool of shirkers existed. They looked around for a solution. The simplest seemed compulsion. As early as 2 December 1914, Walter Long, President of the Local Government Board, suggested the introduction of conscription to correct the problem. 129 Long’s memorandum summarized admirably the government’s perception of the problem with the volunteer system.

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The British Working Class and Enthusiasm for War 1914-1916 (Cass Series--Military History and Policy) by DAVID SIBLEY

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