The Aging Body: Physiological Changes and Psychological by Susan Krauss Whitbourne PDF

Marriage Family

By Susan Krauss Whitbourne

ISBN-10: 1461251265

ISBN-13: 9781461251262

ISBN-10: 1461295750

ISBN-13: 9781461295754

The goal of this ebook is to supply details that might be worthy to humans in numerous disciplines who desire to study extra approximately basic getting older techniques within the human physique. even if gerontologists within the organic sciences are making nice strides in learn on human getting older and documenting this paintings in mono­ graphs, texts, and evaluation chapters, this data is usually now not simply acces­ sible neither is it understandable to nonprofessionals in those fields. This ebook is meant to supply a precis of this paintings, in addition to its implications for psy­ chological functioning of the getting older person. nearly all of the publication is dedicated to describing the result of examine at the physiological alterations within the human physique with getting older and to looking explana­ tions for those age results. This description has been approached in the sort of method as to make it readable for the nonspecialist, but in addition to target learn matters that may be precious analyzing should you are presently operating in those parti­ cular components. furthermore, through the booklet, i've got attempted to improve a few topics concerning physiological and mental version in the course of adulthood.

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Example text

Training studies aimed at determining the possibilities of compensating for loss of bone mineral content have focused on exercise as a way of reversing or slowing the aging process. The underlying assumption of this research is that reduced activity in the aged is one cause of loss of bone strength, because there is less muscular and vascular stimulation for bone remodeling. Prevention or remediation would therefore be accomplished by increasing the older adult's activity level. The results of these exercise training studies have been mixed, however, with some demonstrating "positive" results in terms of increased mineral content (Smith, 1971, 1981; Smith & Reddan, 1977) and others showing no effect (Aloia, Cohn, Ostuni, Cane, & Ellis, 1978; Montoye, 1975).

But in addition, there is also an increased mineralization of the remaining bone tissue, and this would have the effect of compounding the weakness caused by the total reduction in skeletal mass. This idea that there may be increased mineralization, which causes bone brittleness in osteoporosis, is not a new one to the gerontological literature, but it has not been incorporated into it (cf. Smith, 1971). The second possible contributing structural cause of reduced tensile strength in cortical bone is an increase in porosity (Stein & Granick, 1980).

Attempts to quantify whether involvement in endurance types of sports actually does retard or ameliorate the loss of aerobic power in adulthood has taken three separate but complementary routes. The first is based on observations of functional decrements that adults (including some relatively young people) suffer when forced to avoid any physical activity altogether (Bassey, 1978; Bortz, 1982; Kenney, 1982). Most of the empirical basis for inferring the effects of activity is based on more direct research evaluating the way that training alters the normal age pattern of losses.

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The Aging Body: Physiological Changes and Psychological Consequences by Susan Krauss Whitbourne

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