Nira Alperson-Afil's The Acheulian Site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov Volume II: PDF
By Nira Alperson-Afil
The manipulation of fireplace via early hominins was once a turning element in our evolutionary heritage. as soon as "domesticated", hearth supplied heat, gentle and security from predators, in addition to allowing the exploitation of a brand new diversity of meals. This publication provides the spatial analyses of burned and unburned flint goods which supply facts for the managed use of fireside on the 790,000-year-old Acheulian website of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY). Clusters of burned flint, interpreted because the remnants of hearths, happen in the course of the complete occupational series of the positioning. the truth that fireplace is repetitively used means that the data of fire-making and the technological abilities of the Acheulian hominins of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov enabled them to set hearth at will in diversified environmental settings.
"Control of fireplace marks an important landmark in human evolution, delivering heat, defense, and plenty of new meals. this significant quantity compellingly indicates that fireside used to be already in normal use a few 800,000 years ago."John D. Speth, Museum of Anthropology, collage of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
"A significant contribution to wisdom of early human hearth background, the reveals at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov upload immensely to the image of our early ancestors through the fireplace. The authors current a painstaking and multidimensional clinical research which should still persuade even sceptics of the significance of fireside use in prehistory"John A.J. Gowlett, British Academy Centenary study venture, The Archaeology of the Social mind, UK
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Extra info for The Acheulian Site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov Volume II: Ancient Flames and Controlled Use of Fire
3 Ma (Goldberg et al. 2001). , Breuil 1932; Stewart 1956; Oakley 1956, 1961; see also Goldberg et al. 2001:518–520 and references therein). , siliceous aggregates) are present (Weiner et al. 1998; Goldberg et al. 2001). According to these analyses (Goldberg et al. 2001), the dark “hearth” in Layer 10 is a deposit composed of finely laminated unburned organic material interbedded with silts, and the bulk of Layer 4 is bedded to laminated silts of loessial origin that were washed into the depression.
1991). ]) with the various pitted stone anvils from GBY. This is interpreted as evidence for nut cracking, which enabled the GBY hominins to exploit the high nutritional value of the nuts (Goren-Inbar et al. 2002a). , wild almond and oak) contain toxic substances that can be reduced by roasting. This reflects one of the advantages provided by the use of fire for the expansion of dietary resources (see Chapter 4 for further discussion). The paleobotanical assemblages of GBY have contributed to the study of fire use at the site.
Limestone and flint pebbles, most likely collected from wadi beds and terraces in the immediate area of the site, were used for the production of cores, flakes, and a variety of flake tools (flint) as well as chopping tools and percussors (limestone). Bifacial tools are modified primarily on basalt, which is the dominant raw material in the vicinity of the site and is available in the form Hominin skeletal remains were not discovered in recent excavations at GBY. Two human femoral diaphyses were found in the assemblage of faunal remains originating from the early excavations at the site (see Geraads and Tchernov 1983; Goren-Inbar and Belitzky 1989).
The Acheulian Site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov Volume II: Ancient Flames and Controlled Use of Fire by Nira Alperson-Afil