The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games: Sport, Race, by Susan Brownell PDF
By Susan Brownell
One of many extra difficult game spectacles in American historical past happened on the 1904 World’s reasonable in St. Louis, which incorporated the 3rd sleek Olympic video games. linked to the video games was once a curious occasion often called Anthropology Days geared up by way of William J. McGee and James Sullivan, at the moment the best figures in American anthropology and activities, respectively. McGee recruited Natives who have been partaking within the fair’s ethnic screens to compete in activities occasions, with the “scientific” target of measuring the actual prowess of “savages” in comparison with “civilized men.” This interdisciplinary choice of essays assesses the guidelines approximately race, imperialism, and Western civilization manifested within the 1904 World’s reasonable and Olympic video games and indicates how they're nonetheless relevant.A turning element in either the historical past of the Olympics and the improvement of recent anthropology, those video games expressed the clash among the previous international emphasis on tradition and New global emphasis on utilitarianism. Marked via Franz Boas’s paper on the medical Congress, the occasions in St. Louis witnessed the start of the shift in anthropological learn from nineteenth-century evolutionary racial types to the cultural relativist paradigm that's now a cornerstone of contemporary American anthropology. Racist pseudoscience still reappears to at the present time within the realm of activities.
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Additional info for The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games: Sport, Race, and American Imperialism (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology)
McGee died in 1912, while Franz Boas would deﬁne a new trajectory for the discipline in which cultural anthropology replaced physical anthropology as the central paradigm. However, taken together, the careers of both McGee and Boas reveal the contours of American anthropology at the turn of the century. At a time when they did not have stable employment, both of them found work at world’s fairs and at the museums created afterward from the exposition collections. 46 Marks’s chapter outlines this process as it has played out over the last century.
Louis when the world’s fair had to be delayed for a year (it was a celebration of the centennial of Lewis and Clark’s 1803 expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory). The St. Louis organizers considered Chicago’s Olympic Games a threat to the extensive program of athletic events they had planned for their fair. S. government to prevent Chicago from hosting the Games. 76 29 brow ne l l The 1908 Olympic Games were originally awarded to Rome, but when difﬁculties were encountered that were never made public, the ioc transferred them to London to be held in connection with the Franco-British Exposition.
Still today, natural history museums quite frequently include anthropological displays, a practice that has come under ﬁre for equating Natives with animals. Likewise, at the turn of the century zoos and ethnological displays were not distinct genres. In 1904, the premier zoo in the world was Carl Hagenbeck’s zoological park in Hamburg, Germany, established in 1874. When supply began to exceed demand in the 1870s and the animal trade became less lucrative, he accidentally discovered a “remedy” when a friend suggested that it would be “most picturesque” if he could import a family of Lapps along with some reindeer.
The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games: Sport, Race, and American Imperialism (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology) by Susan Brownell