New PDF release: Sweet Chariot: Slave Family and Household Structure in
By Ann Patton Malone
Sweet Chariot is a pathbreaking research of slave households and loved ones composition within the nineteenth-century South. Ann Malone offers a gently drawn photograph of the ways that slaves have been constituted into households and families inside a group and indicates how and why that association replaced over the years. Her e-book, in accordance with enormous learn, is either a statistical research over the years of one hundred fifty five slave groups in twenty-six Louisiana parishes and a descriptive examine of 3 plantations: Oakland, Petite Anse, and Tiger Island.
Malone first presents a neighborhood research of relatives, family, and group association. Then, drawing on qualitative resources, she discusses styles in slave family members loved ones association, deciding on the main major ones in addition to those who consistantly acted as signs of swap. Malone exhibits that slave group association strongly mirrored the place every one neighborhood used to be in its personal developmental cycle, which in flip was once inspired by means of myriad components, starting from impersonal fiscal stipulations to the arbitrary judgements of person proprietors. She additionally initiatives a statistical version that may be used for comparisons with different populations.
The chronic subject matters that Malone uncovers are the mutability and but the fidelity of Louisiana slave loved ones association. She indicates that the slave family members and its extensions, the slave family and neighborhood, have been way more varied and adaptable than formerly believed. the genuine power of the slave comunity used to be its multiplicity of kinds, its tolerance for a number of household devices and its adaptability. She reveals, for instance, that the popular relatives shape consisted of 2 mom and dad and kids yet that every one forms of households and families have been permitted as functioning and contributing individuals of the slave community.
"Louisiana slaves had a well-defined and collective imaginative and prescient of the constitution that will serve them top and an iron choice to achieve it, " Malone observes. "But besides this fidelity in imaginative and prescient and perseverance was once flexibility. Slave household varieties in Louisiana bent like willows within the wind to maintain from shattering. The suppleness in their kinds avoided family chaos and enabled so much slave groups to get over even critical crises."
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Extra info for Sweet Chariot: Slave Family and Household Structure in Nineteenth-Century Louisiana (Fred W Morrison Series in Southern Studies)
United by shared circumstances, intimate working and living conditions, and a common set of cultural values, a slave residential and working unit generally developed into a supportive community within a few years, especially if even remote kinship was initially present. Though families predominated in the slave communities studied, no evidence was found to suggest that solitary members were shunned or stigmatized. My statistical study supplemented by traditional research suggests that in their domestic organizations, as well as their cultural forms, Louisiana slaves found ways to take care of their own and to mitigate some of the harshness of life in slavery's shadow.
Most of the small number of non-nuclear family households were made up of co-resident siblings. Extended family households encompassed only 2 percent of the slaves, with small percentages in each of the forms of extension. Slaves in the multiple family classification totaled about 6 percent of the sample. The only form encountered frequently was that of downward disposition; it involved 5 percent of the sampled slaves and was quite common in the later stages of community development because it involved three generations.
The simple family was the dominant household type among both slave and free populations of the nineteenth-century United States. Indeed, it has been called the prevailing household type for the whole of Western society for several centuries. 2). How slaves were grouped within this broad designation is of considerable significance. How many of the slaves formed part of families with both parents present? How many were part of households headed by only one parent, and how often was this single parent an unmarried mother?
Sweet Chariot: Slave Family and Household Structure in Nineteenth-Century Louisiana (Fred W Morrison Series in Southern Studies) by Ann Patton Malone