Structure - download pdf or read online
By H. Werner Rosenthal Dipl. Ing. FRIBA (auth.)
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Additional resources for Structure
The completely rigid frame (no pin) gives considerable stiffness to the uprights but due to the setting up of moments at the base of the uprights, eccentricities are exerted on foundations. This makes foundation work complex and costly, and also any unevenness in settlement sets up considerable secondary stresses (Fig. 82). Where frames are very high, the additional restraint given to the uprights will result in more slender members, but erection difficulties can be considerable. The deformation sketch (Fig.
In Fig. 78a the no-moment funicular line deviates too much from the ideal form causing very great moments at the knees. On the other hand, the shape indicated in Fig. 78b would be ideal. In most cases, a b Ideal shape for this situation Fig. 78. 42 loads are continuous or nearly so, so that the no-moment line approaches the catenary. This case will be used in the next examples. When spans become longer in relation to height, the bending moments in the beam become rather larger and rigidity becomes increasingly important.
Like so many things we are dealing with in this book, it can be related to everyday experiences. If we stand on a weighing machine, we expect the pointer to tell us our weight. Its movement is in direct proportion to the load which is not measured in terms of relative deformation but in units of weight (Fig. 89). As strain gives a direct indication of stress, this principle was used to test old road bridges for the heavy loads they might have to support under modern conditions. Strain gauges were attached to crucial positions along the arches and as the stress-strain ratio of brick joints was known, the stress could be deduced.
Structure by H. Werner Rosenthal Dipl. Ing. FRIBA (auth.)