Download e-book for kindle: Safe Tank Farms and (Un)loading Operations by BP Safety Group
By BP Safety Group
This publication is a part of the BP method protection sequence and winner of Frank Lees Medal 2004 because the such a lot meritorious e-book with regards to protection and loss prevention. Summarizing BP's a long time of expertise in auditing all sizes of depots, terminals and refineries, this e-book might be a gold mine of precious details to tank farm operators, managers, designers and auditors. It increases understanding to the opportunity of universal disasters and their effects, and is helping readers to undertake secure designs and practices. new version contains an incident description for the Buncefield hearth of December 2005. new case stories were further because the 3rd variation. this can be an outstanding advent to the subject for college students.
desk of Contents
1. Atmospheric garage Tanks
2. very important layout concerns
three. assets of Ignition
four. Loading and Unloading of street and Rail Tankers
five. Loading and Unloading of Ships
6. Tank point size and Overfill safeguard
7. Tank Inspection and upkeep
eight. Taking Tanks Out of provider for upkeep and different reasons
nine. different protection and Environmental concerns
10. a few issues to recollect
attempt your self!
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Additional resources for Safe Tank Farms and (Un)loading Operations
9 m) or in the case of floating roof tanks, the roof is floating. • Do not SPLASH FILL or JET MIX (at low levels). • Ensure sufficient relaxation of electrostatic charge after installed filters which are prolific static generators. ACCIDENT Seal oil tank explosion due to splash filling!!! An ignition of a hydrocarbon gas/seal oil mist air mixture by a static discharge resulted in an explosion within a seal oil tank. Fine filters in the system increased the static charge generation rate Atmospheric Vent Seal Oil Seal Oil Mist + Static Discharge = EXPLOSION!
The fill-pipe surface remains charged. When a tank is bonded, the charge is ‘neutralized’ between the tank and fill-pipe surfaces. The charge on the outside surface of the tank combines with the charge on the outside surface of the fill-pipe. The charge within the tank and the fill pipe remains. Earth/ground and bond all equipment and containers to prevent static charge build-up. 45 SAFE TANK FARMS AND (UN)LOADING OPERATIONS Note that it is not normally necessary to install bonding cables across flanges because both sides of the pipe are at the same potential (earth/ground) and the liquid flowing through the pipe cannot form an insulating barrier.
These roofs typically do not have closed drain systems since they are not exposed to rain. Often they will have heavy steel annular pontoon or double deck roofs when the tank was once an external floating roof but was converted to an internal floating roof tank (tanks with geodesic domes often have internal steel double decks or annular pontoons when they are storing volatile hydrocarbon liquids such as gasoline since they were simply converted from an external floating roof to an internal floating roof by covering the tank with a dome.
Safe Tank Farms and (Un)loading Operations by BP Safety Group