Download e-book for iPad: Proofs for Eternity, Creation and the Existence of God in by Herbert A. Davidson


By Herbert A. Davidson

ISBN-10: 0195049535

ISBN-13: 9780195049534

The crucial debate of usual theology between medieval Muslims and Jews involved even if the area was once everlasting. evaluations divided sharply in this factor as the final result bore at once on God's dating with the area: eternity implies a deity bereft of will, whereas a global with a starting ends up in the contrasting photograph of a deity possessed of will. during this exhaustive examine of medieval Islamic and Jewish arguments for eternity, construction, and the life of God, Herbert Davidson presents a scientific category of the proofs, analyzes and explains them, and strains their assets in Greek philosophy. during the learn, Davidson attempts take into consideration each argument of a philosophical personality, brushing off purely these arguments that relaxation fullyyt on spiritual religion or which fall lower than a minimum point of plausibility.

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4 Above. p. 10. '13c1ow. p. 52. 3 See ( I 1/ Proofs of Eternity from Nature of God 51 discussed in the previous chapter. is woven. (, Furthermore, the conception of the ultimate cause of the universe which is operative in the two proofs accords with Aristotle's conception of the prime mover. On the assumption of creation. it is argued in both proofs, the ultimate cause of the universe's coming into existence would have to be an entity that is unaffected by anything outside itself and that is unchanging; and those arc traits of Aristotle's prime mover.

IRShi{ci': Ihjhiycil, ed. G. Anawati and S. Zayed (Cairo. 19(0). p. 378. 19T,Illlj{UI a/-filltisi{a, ed. M. Bouyges (Beirut. 1927), I. §28; English translation in Averroes Tallll{1I1 al·1'''lI1/ill, trans. S. van den Bergh (London. t954), p. 18. 2()Gllide 10 Ihe Perplexed, II. 14(8). Maimonides includes a point also met elsewhere. namely that it is unimaginable that the deilY should have remained "idle" for an eternity before creating the world. Cf. Cicero, De Nalllra Deorulll, I. ix. 22; Augustine, Cily o[God.

31; German translation with pagination of the Arabic indicated: Philosophie und Theologie VOII Al'erroes, trans. M. Mueller (Munich. 1875). 33Physics, in Opera Omllia, cd. A. Borgnet, Vol. III (Paris, 1890), VIII. tr. I. chap. 11(6). 34De POIell/ia, q. 3, art. 17(13). 35MII~a~~al (Cairo. 1905). p. 91. 36MWlOmot ha-Shem (Leipzig. 1866), VI. i. 18. p. 371. 37,£S Ijayyim. ed. F. Delitzsch (Leipzig, 1841), chap. 7. 300r ha-Shem, III. i, 4. 39Mif'alot (Venice, 15(2),VI. 1(1). quoting what appears to be Ghazali, Taluifu, al-Fl1/tisi(lI, I.

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Proofs for Eternity, Creation and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy by Herbert A. Davidson

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