Download e-book for iPad: Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual by E. Shashi Menon
By E. Shashi Menon
Pipeline making plans and building box handbook goals to lead engineers and technicians within the procedures of making plans, designing, and building of a pipeline method, in addition to to supply the mandatory instruments for price estimations, necessities, and box upkeep. The textual content contains comprehensible pipeline schematics, tables, and DIY checklists. This resource is a collaborative paintings of a group of specialists with over one hundred eighty years of mixed adventure through the usa and different international locations in pipeline making plans and development.
Comprised of 21 chapters, the publication walks readers during the steps of pipeline building and administration. the great advisor that this resource presents permits engineers and technicians to control regimen auditing of technical paintings output relative to technical enter and tested expectancies and criteria, and to evaluate and estimate the paintings, together with layout integrity and product requisites, from its learn to finishing touch.
Design, piping, civil, mechanical, petroleum, chemical, undertaking creation and undertaking reservoir engineers, together with beginners and scholars, will locate this e-book priceless for his or her engineering practices.
- Back-of-the envelope calculations
- Checklists for upkeep operations
- Checklists for environmental compliance
- Simulations, modeling instruments and kit design
- Guide for pump and pumping station placement
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Extra resources for Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual
30) M The constant R is the same for all ideal gases and hence it is called the universal gas constant. 7 psia or 101 kPa). Since gas pipelines generally operate at pressures higher than atmospheric pressures, we must modify Eq. 30) to take into account the effect of compressibility. The latter is accounted for by using a term called the compressibility factor or gas deviation factor. We discuss real gases and the compressibility factor under the heading Real Gases. It must be noted that in the ideal gas equation (Eq.
In SI units, specific volume is stated in m3/N. 67 ft3/lb. 00) at a particular temperature. 6°C) is used as the standard temperature. Gas gravity may also be called relative density and is expressed as the ratio of the density of gas to the density of air at the standard temperature. Relative density, being a ratio, has no units since it is a dimensionless quantity as shown in Eq. 21) where G – Gas gravity, dimensionless ρg – Density of gas ρair – Density of air Both densities in Eq. 21) must be in the same units and measured at the same temperature.
This is referred to as Charles’ law for gases. Consider a spherical tank containing propane gas. 7 ps 8 p si i ps 15 7 11 10 9 8 7 ps i 6 ps i 10 9 8 7 5 Vapor pressure, lb/in2 absolute 20 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 REID Vapor pressure vs. 3 Vapor pressure of liquids. 2 | Physical Properties of Liquids and Gases 21 Similarly, a bullet storage tank, 10 m long, 5 m in diameter with hemispherical ends containing natural gas has the following volume: V = ðπ/6Þ × ð5Þ3 + ðπ/4Þ × ð5Þ2 × 10 = 261:8 m3 Suppose a quantity of gas is contained in a volume of 500 ft3 at a temperature of 80°F and a pressure of 400 psi.
Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual by E. Shashi Menon