Download e-book for kindle: Pipeline Pigging and Inspection Technology by John Tiratsoo
By John Tiratsoo
This reference specializes in oil, fuel, and items pipeline, either on- and offshore. you will comprehend why, while, and the way to pig a line.
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Extra resources for Pipeline Pigging and Inspection Technology
3) SUMMARY: The existing definition of "gathering line" would be clearly defined to eliminate confusion in distinguishing these pipelines from trans- 33 Pipeline Pigging Technology mission lines in rural areas. Action is significant because the definition is the subject of litigation. STATUS: NPRM to be issued early 1991. 3. Gas pipelines operating above 72% of specified minimum yield strength (49 CFR 192) SUMMARY: This proposal would eliminate or qualify the "grandfather clause" if the natural gas pipeline safety regulations that permit operation of an existing rural or offshore gas pipeline found to be in satisfactory condition at the highest actual operating pressure to which the segment was subjected during the five years preceding 1st July, 1970, or, in the case of an offshore gathering line, 1st July, 1976.
Passage of internal inspection devices (49 CFR 192; 49 CFR 195) SUMMARY: This rulemaking would establish minimum Federal safety standards requiring that new and replacement gas transmission and hazardous liquid pipelines be designed and constructed to accommodate the passage of internal inspection devices. L. 100-561. STATUS: NPRM to be issued by early 1991 34 US Government safety regulation 6. Transportation of a hazardous liquid at 20% or less of specified minimum yield strength (49 CFR195) SUMMARY: This rulemaking action would assess the need to extend the Federal safety standards to cover these lower stress level pipelines (except gathering lines), and if warranted, apply the standards to those pipelines.
There are one or two misconceptions which can, however, be removed: advanced MFL is (essentially) not influenced by speed; U/S tools are only influenced by speed to the extent that the impulse frequency is fixed, so the speed will determine the distance between readings; advanced MFL is not affected by changes in wall thickness; advanced MFL has limitations in the heavier wall thicknesses; U/S has limitations in the lighter wall thicknesses. Often the decision is made by asking the simple questions: Am I prepared to have a liquid in my gas line?
Pipeline Pigging and Inspection Technology by John Tiratsoo