New PDF release: Philosophy, Language, and Artificial Intelligence: Resources

Nonfiction 8

By Jack Kulas (auth.), Jack Kulas, James H. Fetzer, Terry L. Rankin (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9400927274

ISBN-13: 9789400927278

ISBN-10: 9401077266

ISBN-13: 9789401077262

This sequence will comprise monographs and collections of stories dedicated to the research and exploration of data, details and data-processing platforms of all types, regardless of even if human, (other) animal or desktop. Its scope is meant to span the total variety of pursuits from classical difficulties within the philosophy of brain and phi­ losophical psychology via concerns in cognitive psychology and socio­ biology (concerning the psychological services of different species) to principles on the topic of synthetic intelligence and computing device technological know-how. whereas basic emphasis can be put upon theoretical, conceptual and epistemologi­ cal features of those difficulties and domain names, empirical, experimental and methodological experiences also will look at times. one of the such a lot difficult and tough tasks in the scope of man-made intelligence is the advance and implementation of com­ puter courses compatible for processing traditional language. Our function in compiling the current quantity has been to give a contribution to the principles of this firm through bringing jointly vintage papers dedicated to the most important difficulties all for figuring out traditional language, which diversity from problems with formal syntax and logical shape to these of possible-worlds and state of affairs semantics. The publication starts with a finished introduc­ tion composed via Jack Kulas, the senior editor of this paintings, which professional­ vides a scientific orientation to this complicated box, and ends with a particular bibliography meant to advertise extra learn. If our efforts help others in facing those difficulties, they'll were useful. J. H. F.

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In his tragically short career, he demonstrated that the mathematical rigor employed in the semantical analysis of formal languages could profitably be applied to the semantical analysis of natural languages. His relevant work is collected in (Montague, 1974), and work by other philosophers and linguists extending his ideas is collected in (Partee, 1976). Dowty, Wall, and Peters (1981) provide an excellent introduction to what has come to be called Montague Grammar or Montague Semantics. A number of applications by computational linguists and several additional theoretical extensions have been published, a selection of which is included in our bibliography.

This conundrum is called the problem of trans world identification. (Kaplan calls it the problem of transworld heir lines (Kaplan, 1978». Hintikka's solution to this problem involves postulating a set of individuating functions such that each can be used to provide all the transworld connections between embodiments of the same individual in different possible worlds that a semantic theory might dictate. Granted PHILOSOPHY AND NATURAL-LANGUAGE PROCESSING 23 that we as a matter of fact do something like cross-world identification in ordinary life, the actual methods that we employ in the process whose specification would put meat on the bones of the individuating functions - are dependent, according to Hintikka, on "our own conceptual schemes and hence on things of our own creation" (p.

Phrase-structure rules, rule schemata, complex symbols, and feature conventions, GPSG has self-consciously restricted its theoretical framework to describing only context-free languages (CFLs). This selfimposed limitation on the GPSG framework is taken by Gazdar to be desirable on four (not completely independent) fronts. First, CFLs have been widely studied by language theorists and computer scientists and PHILOSOPHY AND NATURAL-LANGUAGE PROCESSING 29 are considerably better understood than more powerful grammars.

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Philosophy, Language, and Artificial Intelligence: Resources for Processing Natural Language by Jack Kulas (auth.), Jack Kulas, James H. Fetzer, Terry L. Rankin (eds.)


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