Get Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: Prevention, PDF

Environmental Studies

By Walter E. Goldstein

ISBN-10: 146651745X

ISBN-13: 9781466517455

ISBN-10: 1466517751

ISBN-13: 9781466517752

A Proactive method of bettering and maintaining the EnvironmentThe accumulation of prescribed drugs within the atmosphere is a transforming into problem, the value of which has now not been made up our minds, but can't be neglected. Touting the advantages of learn and discovery because it pertains to a pharmaceutical presence within the setting, Pharmaceutical Accumulation within the setting: Prevention, keep an eye on, well-being results, and Economic Read more...

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Additional resources for Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: Prevention, Control, Health Effects, and Economic Impact

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1). 4). Besides the mere detection and monitoring of the residues, other issues had to be addressed. The occurrence of such residues in drinking water raised questions: (1) Under which conditions will what kind of residues occur in surface, ground, or drinking water? (2) How can these compounds be removed from sewage or drinking water? Will there be any harm to aquatic organisms or even to humans? A special focus is put on the investigation of removal methods, such as ozonation (Heberer 2007) or membrane filtration (Heberer 2007).

2010). Subedi et al. , diphenhydramine and desmethylsertraline) in fish tissue samples collected from 14 different locations in Germany. 4 Fate and Transport of Pharmaceutical Compounds in the Environment In 2001, Pfluger and Dietrich noted that there is a significant lack of information about the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals in the environment (Pfluger and Dietrich 2001). Over the last decade, our understanding of the environmental fate and transport of pharmaceutical compounds released into the environment has not greatly improved.

Fertilizers) and deposition of unused pharmaceuticals into a landfill, can result in the contamination of soils. While studies have demonstrated that such applications can potentially impact surface waters through surface runoff and groundwater through leaching, very few studies have investigated the occurrence and persistence of pharmaceuticals in soils. In one such study, antibiotics were found to be a persistent contaminate of soils (Tamtam et al. 2011). The quinolines oxolinic acid, nalidixic acid, and flumequine were detected in surface soils and sulfamethoxazole in subsurface soils 4 years after irrigation with wastewaters containing these pharmaceuticals ceased (Tamtam et al.

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Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: Prevention, Control, Health Effects, and Economic Impact by Walter E. Goldstein

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