Peasants and Imperial Rule: Agriculture and Agrarian Society - download pdf or read online
By Neil Charlesworth
This publication is an in depth ancient learn of agriculture and agrarian society in a tremendous province of British India, the Bombay presidency. Its aim is to check the effect of British rule at the Indian peasantry, and the adjustments it introduced. one of the particular matters mentioned by way of the writer are the improvement of the British land profit process, the trend of enlargement in advertisement agriculture and the results when it comes to possession and organization of land and agrarian social constitution. Dr Charlesworth is going directly to examine the function of presidency coverage, the character of peasant protest activities and the results of the interwar melancholy. He concludes that major long term monetary and social switch did happen yet that the hugely 'differential' development to commercialisation avoided any structural transformation within the peasant financial system and society.
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Additional info for Peasants and Imperial Rule: Agriculture and Agrarian Society in the Bombay Presidency 1850-1935
Here Wingate found in 1852 76 completely alienated villages and 151 where government possessed rights. 56 Although many alienations stemmed originally from government grant, the authorities clearly possessed a substantial interest in limiting 53 SBG, NS, No. 30, Selection of Papers Explanatory of the Origin of the Inam Commission and its Progress (hereafter 'Inam Commission Papers'), H. E. Goldsmid, Secretary to Bombay Government, to F. J. Halliday, Secretary to Government of India, 7 January 1850, para.
85 These sentiments were widespread enough to prevent any immediate, determined attempt to undermine the knots' position. And such inactivity soon looked like acquiescence in khoti claims. 86 In the end, also, financial realities placed the khots in a strong position in the early years of British rule. The British inherited a situation whereby the khots provided much of the revenue supply from the Konkan and, in the khoti village, controlled the records and mechanism for its collection. Hence any threatening moves against them could be met with dangerously dwindling revenue returns.
Wingate, 9 June 1852 (hereafter 'Wingate's Belgaum Report'). The Deccan and the Southern Maratha Country 29 them, for even a small reduction would mean an immense accretion of revenue. So the Mahratta government had periodically waged a fierce war to prevent the growth, often fraudulent extensions, of land alienations. 57 The reason was not simply the 'mismanagement and anarchy5 by which the British characterised late Mahratta administration. Since inam rights were very widely held and much of the village community had a vested interest in the continuation and extension of land alienations, the central government could not find the same peasant allies which had enabled it to reduce watandar privileges.
Peasants and Imperial Rule: Agriculture and Agrarian Society in the Bombay Presidency 1850-1935 by Neil Charlesworth