Overcoming Deficits of Aging: A Behavioral Approach by Roger L. Patterson PDF
By Roger L. Patterson
That older sufferers might be effectively taken care of has only in the near past been well-known through execs and via older people themselves. That older individuals is usually taught new talents or retaught formerly present talents constitutes even more moderen wisdom. through targeting the reversibility zero/ behavioral defidts within the aged the authors, less than the management of Dr. Roger Patterson, have made either a systematic and a humanitarian contribution to the overall healthiness of older people. during this quantity they've got awarded a theoretical foundation and a pragmatic how-to approach to overcoming behavioral deficits. they've got validated that their modular means of fostering more desirable functioning in such parts as actions of day-by-day residing and sodal abilities not just has been profitable but in addition has allowed contributors to come back to much less restrictive environments or to totally self sufficient residing. The procedure is an interdisciplinary one, accurately on the grounds that older humans frequently adventure diffirulties in a number of parts of functionality ing. The authors have attempted to combine social, scientific, and behav ioral methods, with an emphasis on behavioral methodologies. even if this publication bargains basically with behavioral methods to therapy of the aged in one surroundings, the amount c1early con stitutes achallenge to different scientists and clinicians to use the innovations defined right here in different settings. A scientific colleague of mine, a geriatrician, lately expressed the opinion that he had by no means encountered an older sufferer for whom he couldn't do anything to enhance health.
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Additional info for Overcoming Deficits of Aging: A Behavioral Approach
When the dient is not immediately accessible but is in the immediate vidnity), the delivery of tokens is easily preceded by a sodal reinforcer. This bridges the gap between the occurrence of the behavior and the delivery of tokens. In addition, sodal reinforcement and token reinforc~ment are paired. Secondly, tokens are generalized reinforcers, that is, a single token may be exchanged for a variety of other reinforcers. This adds to the strength of the token as a reinforcer and prevents the process of satiation that can occur when a client receives too much of a single reinforcer.
In other words, staff members were quick to reinforce dients immediately when they initiated appropriate behavior without staff-directed prompts. It was extremely important to reinforce dients for exhibiting appropriate, adaptive behavior on their own. The reinforcement of self-initiated adaptive behavior not only strengthens the occurrence of that particular behavior but also facilitates the independence of the dient. Identification of Positive Reinforcers. In any behaviorally based treatment program, the identification of positive reinforcers is a necessary first step in the process of establishing appropriate changes in behavior.
Therefore, the staff generally placed all inappropriate behaviors on extinction and reinforced an appropriate behavior. The only exceptions to this occurred when extinction did not work with a particular dient or when a behavior was too serious to ignore. This overall approach appeared to be powerful, for many inappropriate behaviors present shortly after admission no longer occurred after several weeks in the program. Exclusion Time-out Exdusion time-out is a technique in which a dient is immediately removed from the vicinity of an activity contingent on the occurrence of specified inappropriate behavior.
Overcoming Deficits of Aging: A Behavioral Approach by Roger L. Patterson