National Apologies. Mapping the complexities of validity. A - download pdf or read online
By Sanz, E.,Tomlinson, J.
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Additional info for National Apologies. Mapping the complexities of validity. A practical paper
Consider the following example of the US Senate’s 2008 Concurrent Resolution Apologizing for the Enslavement and Racial Segregation of African-Americans: “Whereas millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and the 13 American colonies from 1619 through 1865 ... “Whereas the system of slavery and the visceral racism against people of African descent upon which it depended became enmeshed in the social fabric of the United States ... “Whereas after emancipation from 246 years of slavery [in 1865], African-Americans soon saw the fleeting political, social, and economic gains they made during Reconstruction eviscerated by virulent racism, lynchings, disenfranchisement, Black Codes, and racial segregation laws that imposed a rigid system of officially sanctioned racial segregation in virtually all areas of life;....
The logic is as follows: if perceived to be insufficient, a partial apology can be criticized and rejected in the best case, or taken as an insult in the worst case. A rejected apology may present significant obstacles to the path to reconciliation, perhaps even pushing progress towards this goal backwards. Due to the highly political and public nature of national apologies it stands to reason that the implication of such persistent scrutiny is that there will always be an individual who takes issue with an apology’s sincerity.
Kumaratunga [LK, 2004] ” “Finally, there is this disgrace: the government's refusal to endorse the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Duceppe [CA, 2008] ” However it is vital to reflect upon the words 'regret' and 'sorry,' as these terms in fact can be used interchangeably in two closely related contexts. This is particularly important to fully understand. Someone can feel regret or say 'I'm sorry' for something that they have done or failed to do, that is, for something that they feel responsible.
National Apologies. Mapping the complexities of validity. A practical paper by Sanz, E.,Tomlinson, J.