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By Victor P. Lytwyn
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Additional info for Muskekowuck Athinuwick: Original People of the Great Swampy Land
Very few Lowland Cree were dependent on the European traders for long-term care or employment. The confusion in the literature seems to have derived from the fact that the social and political organization of the Lowland Cree was very much different from European structures of leadership and authority. They did not rule with force or dictate the lives of their followers in the same manner as did European monarchs. Rather, the authority of Lowland Cree leaders derived from life skills, experience, and wisdom.
These artifacts also suggested a multi-season occupancy at the site, including the winter months, based, in part, on the number of small fur bearers that were present. Pilon also suggested that fishing could have taken place year-round with hooks, THE LOWLAND CREE BEFORE EUROPEAN CONTACT nets, and weirs; and, in 1988, Kenneth R. Lister provided evidence of yearround use of fish weirs both before and after European contact. 36 Fish weirs were known to have been used after the river was frozen, and gill nets were also used under the ice.
This site, known as GeHo-3, comprised six noticeable depressions on the crest of a prominent beach ridge. When one of the pits was excavated, it proved to be a subterranean cache that contained caribou remains. The survey work around the shore of Hawley Lake was also brief, but Pollock and Noble located sixteen sites (two sites were found along the Sutton River about eight kilometres downstream from the lake) that contained archaeological artifacts. Of these, two sites yielded important new data about the pre-contact Aboriginal history of the area.
Muskekowuck Athinuwick: Original People of the Great Swampy Land by Victor P. Lytwyn