Download e-book for iPad: Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the by Lynne P. Sullivan
By Lynne P. Sullivan
The citizens of Mississippian cities largely positioned within the southeastern and midwestern usa from 900 to 1500 A.D. made many appealing gadgets, which incorporated complex and well-crafted copper and shell adorns, pottery vessels, and stonework. a few of these gadgets have been socially valued items and infrequently have been positioned in ritual context, reminiscent of graves. The funerary context of those artifacts has sparked massive examine and debate between archaeologists, elevating questions on where in society of the members interred with such goods, in addition to the character of the societies within which those humans lived. by means of targeting how mortuary practices function symbols of ideals and values for the dwelling, the individuals to "Mississippian Mortuary Practices" discover how burial of the useless displays and reinforces the cosmology of particular cultures, the prestige of residing contributors within the burial rite, ongoing kinfolk relationships, and different facets of social association.
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Additional resources for Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationaist Perspective
D. 1050. At that time, as I have argued at length elsewhere, pre-Mississippian corporate groups were transmogrified into or replaced by discrete household groups at and around early Cahokia (Pauketat 1994, 2004). Entire neighborhoods at Cahokia may have focused on certain activities more than others, and large-scale ceremonial events in plazas seem to have involved feasts, religious objects, ancestral bones, craft production, temple renewals, woodenpost emplacements and removals, and (probably) mound construction (based on evidence in Pauketat et al.
The Great Mortuary floor zone is revealed at the base of the side tunnel with a post protruding. From Brown 1996: Figure 117c. This period is estimated to have existed between 1200 or 1250 and 1300. The indigenous Craig style developed into the Craig C form around 1300 (Brown 2007c). With the exception of the Great Mortuary itself, copper and shell artifacts of all kinds reached their highest densities per individual interment during this period. The century from 1300 to 1400 is difficult to pin down primarily because it falls between the period of intense Cahokia connections in the thirteenth century and the creation of the Great Mortuary.
Under the dome of the Great Mortuary, such aids to preservation were not required because the location was protected from moisture. Indeed, black-dyed sections of twillwork revealing elaborate floatweave designs were well preserved (Brown 1996). For some time I regarded these twillwork boxes as merely specialized receptacles for bones—a smaller version of the bone boxes that early depictions show to have been used to store the cleaned remains of the elite dead. I was influenced by John White’s intriguing illustration of bone baskets stacked inside the mortuaries of the Carolinian tidewater (Lorant 1946).
Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationaist Perspective by Lynne P. Sullivan