Marriage, Class and Colour in Nineteenth Century Cuba: A by Verena Martinez-Alier PDF
By Verena Martinez-Alier
An research of marriage styles in nineteenth-century Cuba, a society with a wide black inhabitants nearly all of which was once held in slavery yet which additionally integrated huge numbers of freedmen. Dr Martinez-Alier makes use of as her major resource of facts the documents in Havana of administrative and judicial lawsuits of situations within which mom and dad hostile a wedding, of circumstances related to elopement, and of circumstances of interracial marriage. Dr Martinez-Alier develops a version of the relation among sexual values and social inequality. She considers the significance of the worth of virginity in helping the hierarchy of Cuban society, in response to ascription instead of fulfillment. as a result of the excessive overview of virginity, elopement was once usually a winning technique of overcoming parental dissent to an unequal marriage. besides the fact that, in circumstances of interracial elopement, the seduced colored girl had little likelihood of redress via marriage. during this conflict of the sexes and the races, the unfastened colored men and women performed roles and bought values which clarify why matrifocality grew to become attribute of black unfastened households.
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Extra info for Marriage, Class and Colour in Nineteenth Century Cuba: A Study of Racial Attitudes and Sexual Values in a Slave Society
While the secular powers held a hierarchical view 42 Intermarriage and Catholic doctrine of society where individual aspirations were subordinated to the demands of society, the Catholic Church's teachings defended the paramountcy of the individual's spiritual salvation, dependent obviously on his performance in this world. The Church was in a dilemma. On the one hand, owing to her egalitarian ideology, the Church could not conceive of different kinds of institutions for different kinds of people; and on the other neither could she tolerate concubinage which was often resorted to in cases where the partners were thought to be socially incompatible.
Because even if this decree grants absolute freedom of marriage between the races, one cannot forbid a parent to oppose a marriage his minor son wants to contract with a person of colour, even if she is in the state the parda is in. But this verdict is overruled for 'the father's fears with regard to his son's 40 Intermarriage and politics marriage to a person of different race have been destroyed by the Royal Decree of 27 January I88I',SI and the supplementary licence is granted. In theory the fears were indeed unfounded once the coloured people had been granted full civil rights.
22 Again D. Jose Florencio Acosta 'is engaged in agricultural work, and the bride lives under the tutelage of her mother . . the circumstances of the young man are those of the poor while she has a certain inheritance the value of which is not known because it is in the form of land and cattle' :23 they may marry. This last case dates from 1843. m contrast with it are two cases dating from 1853 and 1854 respectively. In the one it is again a poor white discharged soldier who wants to marry a parda who is the legitimate daughter of pardo parents, the owners of four slaves and 40 hectares of land.
Marriage, Class and Colour in Nineteenth Century Cuba: A Study of Racial Attitudes and Sexual Values in a Slave Society by Verena Martinez-Alier