Download e-book for kindle: Lexical semantics and diachronic morphology: The development by Carola Trips
By Carola Trips
This publication is the main finished learn up to now of the advance of the 3 suffixes -hood, -dom and -ship within the historical past of English. a detailed research from outdated English to trendy English in line with facts from annotated corpora unearths that each one 3 suffixes constructed from nouns into modern day suffixes construction summary nouns. it really is proven that the increase of suffixes is caused by means of semantic switch. The findings are analysed in a present version of lexical semantics of be aware formation (Lieber 2004). The ebook comprises an index with all formations with the 3 suffixes from previous English to trendy English.
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Additional info for Lexical semantics and diachronic morphology: The development of -hood, -dom and -ship in the history of English (Linguistische Arbeiten)
Stress is on hót whereas in (22) b. stress in on dóg. Note that stress could occur on dogs in the first sentence, and on hot in the second sentence, but then the meaning of the sentence would be completely different. As discussed above, Aronoff & Fudeman also mention that although stress could be taken as a criterion to define compounds, the stress patterns may differ from speaker to speaker (for one speaker gínger ale is pronounced with main stress on the first element and thus a compound, whereas for another speaker it has its main stress on the last element, in which case the whole complex is a phrase).
By this analysis a minimum of three forms – the original base, the form which reanalyses it to create a new rule, and a subsequent use of the new rule – are required to prove productivity, and larger numbers provide more convincing proof. Zweisam remains a matter of creativity. ( (Bauer 2001: 71)) Thus, the changing of a rule and the exploitation of this rule are indicators for a productive rule. As long as a formation is modelled on an already existing lexeme it is an analogical formation based on an already existing pattern without a rule change.
Another study that I will briefly discuss is Bauer’s study (2002) on PG *-d¯om because this element will also be investigated in detail in chapter 4. Moreover, this study shows that productivity can also be investigated from a comparative perspective. In his study on the suffix -ment Bauer (2001) he notes that the productivity of this morphological category changes over time, implying that, apart from the comparative perspective, he also takes the diachronic perspective into consideration. 000 words.
Lexical semantics and diachronic morphology: The development of -hood, -dom and -ship in the history of English (Linguistische Arbeiten) by Carola Trips