Gordon M. Sayre's Les Sauvages Americains: Representations of Native Americans PDF
By Gordon M. Sayre
Algonquian and Iroquois natives of the yank Northeast have been defined in nice element via colonial explorers who ventured into the area within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. starting with the writings of John Smith and Samuel de Champlain, Gordon Sayre analyzes French and English bills of local americans to bare the rhetorical codes in which their cultures have been represented and the impression that those photographs of Indians had on colonial and glossy American society. through emphasizing the paintings of Pierre Fran?ois-Xavier Charlevoix, Joseph-Fran?ois Lafitau, and Baron de Lahontan, between others, Sayre highlights the real contribution that French explorers and ethnographers made to colonial literature. Sayre's interdisciplinary process attracts on anthropology, cultural reports, and literary methodologies. He cautions opposed to brushing aside those colonial texts as purveyors of ethnocentric stereotypes, announcing that they provide insights into local American cultures. in addition, early bills of yank Indians show Europeans' critical exam in their personal customs and values: Sayre demonstrates how encounters with natives' wampum belts, tattoos, and pelt clothing, for instance, pressured colonists to query the character of cash, writing, and garments; and the way the Indians' strategies of war and perform of adopting prisoners ended in new ideas of cultural identification and encouraged key subject matters within the eu enlightenment and American individualism.
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Additional resources for Les Sauvages Americains: Representations of Native Americans in French and English Colonial Literature
They established beachheads and spread inland slowly as the Indians were driven out and land was appropriated and cultivated by colonists. In the 1600s English explorers and Puritan colonists actually believed that New England was an island. 7 New England benefited enormously from being able to occupy agricultural land cleared or maintained by the Indians and then left vacant by the death of a majority of their population from epidemics of disease in the early seventeenth century. The Puritans' memory of persecution and their strong emphasis on social cohesion and control, and the Virginians' memory of violent confrontation with native nations during and after the 1622 "massacre," served to create a vision of a colony as a fort, with high walls blocking out the dangers and temptations of the wilderness.
SAYRE THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS Chapel Hill and London Page iv© 1997 The University of North Carolina Press All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Sayre, Gordon Mitchell, 1964-. Les sauvages américains: representations of Native Americans in French and English colonial literature / Gordon M.
2 In this report on names, attributed to the French fur trader and Indian agent Nicolas Perrot (the "him" of the first line) by the colonial historian Bacqueville de La Potherie, we are informed that the Indians' names for Others are equally ethnocentric as the Europeans'. The suggestion is that every culture claims for itself the universal name (the "unmarked term" in the jargon of some social scientists, by which more specific names, including "woman," are ''marked"), which signifies not membership in a social group but the essence of humanness.
Les Sauvages Americains: Representations of Native Americans in French and English Colonial Literature by Gordon M. Sayre