Lacrimal Gland, Tear Film, and Dry Eye Syndromes 2: Basic - download pdf or read online
By J. Daniel Nelson (auth.), David A. Sullivan, Darlene A. Dartt, Michele A. Meneray (eds.)
During the prior 20 years, an important overseas examine attempt has been di rected towards knowing the composition and rules of the preocular tear movie. This attempt has been influenced by means of the popularity that the tear movie performs an important position in protecting corneal and conjunctival integrity, maintaining opposed to microbial problem, and retaining visible acuity. additionally, study has been motivated via the information that alteration or deficiency of the tear movie, which happens in numerous contributors through the global, could lead to desiccation of the ocular floor, ulceration and perfo ration of the cornea, an elevated prevalence of infectious ailment, and, in all likelihood, seasoned nounced visible incapacity and blindness. to advertise additional development during this visual field examine, the second one overseas convention at the Lacrimal Gland, Tear movie and Dry Eye Syndromes: simple technology and scientific Relevance was once held on the Southampton Princess inn in Bermuda November 16-19, 1996. This convention used to be geared up and directed by means of David A. Sullivan, Ph. D. , codirected via Darlene A. Dartt, Ph. D. , and Michele A. Meneray, Ph. D. , and subsidized by means of the Schepens Eye learn Institute (Boston, MA), an associate of Harvard clinical university. The assembly was once designed to evaluate severely the present wisdom and "state of the artwork" study at the constitution and serve as of lacrimal tissue, tears, and the ocular sur face in either well-being and disease.
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Additional resources for Lacrimal Gland, Tear Film, and Dry Eye Syndromes 2: Basic Science and Clinical Relevance
Chung C, Tigges M, Stone R. Peptidergic innervation of primate meibomian gland. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1996;37:238-245. 49. Gilbard J, Rossi S, Azar D, Heyda K. Effect of puncta! occlusion by Freeman silicone plug insertion on tear osmolarity in dry eye disorders. CLAO J. 1989; 15:216-218. 50. Ohashi Y, Motokura M, Kinoshita Y, Mano T, Watanabe H, Kinoshita S. Presence of epidermal growth factor in tears. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1989;30:1879--1882. 51. Takashima Y, Takagi H, Reinach P, Takahashi M, Yoshimura N.
1 However, there is one ocular tissue with innate, gender-related differences that has received considerable attention, and that is the lacrimal gland. Over the past 55 years, research investigators have found that that striking, genderassociated variations are present in the structure, function and pathology of the lacrimal gland in a number of species, including mice, rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits and/or humans. , Plenum Press, New York, I 998 11 12 D. A. Sullivan et aL Table 1. Number of medical research articles related to gender published during the period 1990 to 1995 Gender8159 Disease 1372 Health 1088 Sex 924 Blood 815 Heart 579 Brain 278 Lung 203 Liver 192 144 Skin Muscle Kidney Sleep 170 120 118 Eye Speech 73 70 Mouth Ear 32 29 Vision Foot 27 26 Lens Cornea Optic nerve Anterior chamber Conjunctiva Meibomian gland 14 8 6 2 0 0 Data in this Table were obtained from a "Medline" computer search.
1994;35:S 1793. 64. Kaura R. Ocular mucus: A hypothesis for its role in the external eye based on physiological considerations and on the properties and functions known to be common with other mucous secretions. In: Holly F, ed. The Preocular Tear Film: In Health, Disease, and Contact Lens Wear. Lubbock, TX: Dry Eye Institute; 1986:743-747. 65. K, Gipson I. Human corneal and conjunctival epithelia produce a mucin-like glycoprotein for the apical surface. Invest Ophthalmo/ Vis Sci. 1995;36:337-344.
Lacrimal Gland, Tear Film, and Dry Eye Syndromes 2: Basic Science and Clinical Relevance by J. Daniel Nelson (auth.), David A. Sullivan, Darlene A. Dartt, Michele A. Meneray (eds.)