Cameron B. Wesson's Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, PDF

By Cameron B. Wesson

ISBN-10: 0803247958

ISBN-13: 9780803247956

The long term importance of the family as a social and monetary force—particularly with regards to authority positions or institutions—has remained particularly unexplored in North American archaeology. Households and Hegemony makes an important contribution to our figuring out of the function families performed in long term cultural swap after touch with eu investors and settlers.
Drawing jointly info from ethnohistoric documents and knowledge from one of many biggest excavations in Alabama's background (the Fusihatchee Project), Cameron B. Wesson reexamines alterations in early Creek tradition from earlier than and after touch with Europeans, starting within the 16th century. Casting the loved ones as a multifaceted cultural establishment, he contends that vital social, monetary, and political variations happened in this time—changes that redefined the connection among Creek families and authority. As avenues for alternate with outsiders broadened and assorted, status exchange items often linked to Creek elites grew to become more and more on hand to person families, in order that touch with Europeans contributed to empowerment for Creek families and a weakening of conventional mainly authority.
Wesson demonstrates that vary inside of Creek tradition within the ancient interval was once formed by way of small-scale social devices and person judgements instead of through the consequences of bigger social and political occasions. Households and Hegemony enriches our figuring out of Creek heritage and makes a key contribution to comparative archaeological types of cultural change.

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Additional info for Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, Symbolic Capital, and Social Power

Example text

These ideologies are “historically necessary . . ’” (Gramsci 1971:377). Gramsci (1971:12– 13) contends that these positional ideologies, although frequently contradictory, are reconciled through the imposition of the dominant social group’s habitus for society as a whole, a process he terms hegemony. For Gramsci (1971:333), hegemony involves the unification of habitus, ideology, and practice: The active man-in-the-mass has a practical activity, but has no clear theoretical consciousness of his practical activity, which nonetheless involves understanding the world in so far as it transforms it.

Micos were selected by the town council and could be removed from the position for poor performance. Each town selected a mico from a particular clan, and the new mico was matrilineally related to the former mico. Some ambiguity exists concerning chiefly succession due to a switch from avuncular succession to succession based on primogeniture during the nineteenth century, but the most likely candidate for the micoship during the late precontact and early postcontact periods would have been a mico’s maternal nephew.

In addition to matrilineages the Creek had an elaborate system of kin relations traced through totemic matri-clans. The relationship between clan members was not as clear as those within the matrilineage, but associates of each clan considered themselves to be related even if these relationships could not be traced biologically. Swanton (1946:654) argues that the Creeks had the “greatest profusion of totemic clans” found in the Southeast. However, this pattern is thought to have been related to the addition of numerous, distinct ethnic groups during the historic period (Spoehr 1947).

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Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, Symbolic Capital, and Social Power by Cameron B. Wesson

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