Cameron B. Wesson's Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, PDF
By Cameron B. Wesson
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Additional info for Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, Symbolic Capital, and Social Power
These ideologies are “historically necessary . . ’” (Gramsci 1971:377). Gramsci (1971:12– 13) contends that these positional ideologies, although frequently contradictory, are reconciled through the imposition of the dominant social group’s habitus for society as a whole, a process he terms hegemony. For Gramsci (1971:333), hegemony involves the uniﬁcation of habitus, ideology, and practice: The active man-in-the-mass has a practical activity, but has no clear theoretical consciousness of his practical activity, which nonetheless involves understanding the world in so far as it transforms it.
Micos were selected by the town council and could be removed from the position for poor performance. Each town selected a mico from a particular clan, and the new mico was matrilineally related to the former mico. Some ambiguity exists concerning chieﬂy succession due to a switch from avuncular succession to succession based on primogeniture during the nineteenth century, but the most likely candidate for the micoship during the late precontact and early postcontact periods would have been a mico’s maternal nephew.
In addition to matrilineages the Creek had an elaborate system of kin relations traced through totemic matri-clans. The relationship between clan members was not as clear as those within the matrilineage, but associates of each clan considered themselves to be related even if these relationships could not be traced biologically. Swanton (1946:654) argues that the Creeks had the “greatest profusion of totemic clans” found in the Southeast. However, this pattern is thought to have been related to the addition of numerous, distinct ethnic groups during the historic period (Spoehr 1947).
Households and Hegemony: Early Creek Prestige Goods, Symbolic Capital, and Social Power by Cameron B. Wesson