Angelo Basile's Handbook of membrane reactors: Volume 1: Fundamental PDF
By Angelo Basile
Membrane reactors are more and more changing traditional separation, technique and conversion applied sciences throughout a variety of functions. Exploiting complicated membrane fabrics, they provide better potency, are very adaptable and feature nice monetary strength. There has accordingly been expanding curiosity in membrane reactors from either the medical and commercial groups, stimulating learn and improvement. as a result huge amount of fabric on hand within the really good literature, this guide consists of 2 volumes. Volume 1 explores basic fabrics technology, layout and optimization, starting with a attention of polymeric, dense steel and composite membranes for membrane reactors, reminiscent of polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen creation, palladium-based composite membranes and choices to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors. Following sections examine zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors and discover membrane reactor modeling, simulation and optimization, together with use of mathematical modeling, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), synthetic neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to research diversified points of membrane reactor layout and construction enhancement.
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Extra info for Handbook of membrane reactors: Volume 1: Fundamental materials science, design and optimisation
4 Where high-performance polymeric membranes are required, block or graft copolymers are often used in place of homopolymers. 1 Blending of polymers or copolymers is also used for the production of membranes. In this case both (co)polymers must be compatible and miscible in the same solvent, in order to form a homogeneous solution. The solid membrane so obtained is characterized by a single Tg value, usually lying between the Tg values of the two pure components. 1 The composition, phase morphology and miscibility of a polymer blend affect diffusion and transport through the membrane.
Consequently, the esterification reaction remains equilibrium-limited in this reactor configuration. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 Polymeric membranes for membrane reactors 19 The dimerization of isobutene carried out in a forced-flow polymeric catalytic membrane reactor was reported by D. 37,38 The authors prepared composite porous membranes consisting of a catalytic layer made of solid acid catalysts, such as silica supported Nafion®, Nafion®NR50, Amberlyst™ 15 and silica supported tungstophosphoric acid dispersed in polymeric binders such as Teflon®AF, Hyflon®AD, polytrimethylsilylpropyne, or polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), cast on microporous support membranes made of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) or Torlon®.
In the esterifications of methanol, ethanol and n-propanol with acetic acid, the reactivity through the PSA/PVA membrane was higher than that with HCl as catalyst. In that of n-butanol with acetic acid, however, it was viceversa. 32–34 for phenol allylation. Ion-exchange membranes, consisting of poly(styrene quaternary ammonium halide) crosslinked with divinylbenzene paste on polypropylene non-woven fabric, were assembled in a two-chamber flat membrane reactor, either in a horizontal configuration or in a vertical configuration.
Handbook of membrane reactors: Volume 1: Fundamental materials science, design and optimisation by Angelo Basile