Download e-book for kindle: Geology for Engineers and Environmental Scientists by Alan E. Kehew
By Alan E. Kehew
Provides readers with an creation to geology with a spotlight on real-world purposes. Case histories in approximately each bankruptcy aid emphasize the connection among geology and engineering. Has an exceptional history within the fundamentals of geology together with mineralogy, igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks, structural geology and plate tectonics, weathering and erosion, rivers, coastlines, and glaciers. New fabric covers geologic assets, geologic dangers, and environmental demanding situations within the present century. a brand new evaluation covers the consequences of inhabitants progress, the use and depletion of power and water assets, the employment possibilities for geologists, strength results of weather switch. an invaluable reference for a person within the fields of civil engineering or environmental/earth science.
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Qt. Heat flow measured at the surface is the sum of radioactive production from the crust and deep heat flow from the core. Variations in Heat Flow Heat-flow measurements have been made both on the continents and in the ocean basins. Continental heat-flow measurements are made by inserting temperature probes into holes drilled into the walls of mines and tunnels. In the oceans, temperature probes are driven into bottom sediments to measure the temperature. In both areas, measurements of temperature changes with increasing depth are used to determine the temperature gradient.
McNight, Phys/col Geography: A Landscape ApprecJo. J. 56 Earth Surface Systems ... 43 Generation of orographic precipitation as air masses move over mountain ranges. Source: Jon P. Davidson, Walter E. Reed, and Paul M . , © 2002. Reprinted by permission of Pearson Lee side of mountains Rain shadow Air is now dry because of moisture loss by rain. J. 44 Distribution of arid and semi-arid regions on the earth. e: From R. W. J. The Hydrosphere and Oceanic Circulation The occurrence and circulation of water on our planet is intricately linked to the biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere.
When water vapor in the air masses condenses, it falls as either rain or snow. Other factors, however, influence precipitation. Whenever an air mass moves over a continent, it must rise in elevation. 43). This type of precipitation is called orograpl1ic precipitation. It explains why the westerly flow of air from the Pacific Ocean over the mountains along the western coasts of :the United States and Canada dumps its moish1re on the windward side. On the eastern side of the mountains, the air masses are dry and arid to semi-arid conditions prevail.
Geology for Engineers and Environmental Scientists by Alan E. Kehew