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By Kari Suomi, Juhani Toivanen & Riikka Ylitalo

ISBN-10: 9514289846

ISBN-13: 9789514289842

This booklet makes an attempt at an outline of the sound constitution of normal Spoken
Finnish, meant for a world viewers conversant in the fundamental thoughts of
phonetics, phonology and linguistics. No earlier wisdom of Finnish, a Finno-
Ugric (and finally Uralic) language, is presupposed. The ebook describes the
phonemes and their allophones, the phonotactics and the prosodic approach of the
language, and it truly is in accordance with the corresponding components of our textbook in Finnish
(Suomi, Toivanen & Ylitalo 2006), albeit up to date and tailored in lots of methods to
the meant readership. To our wisdom, no both complete description
of Finnish sound constitution is at present to be had. the outline of the prosodic
system is to a substantial quantity in response to our personal fresh examine.

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G. ki/ arkki, and there are no phonologically ambisyllabic consonants. The structures according to the diphonemic interpretation can be easily captured in a single formula: VS(C)(C) (in which S = segment). From the diphonemic structural descriptions one can also directly see how many morae they contain: as many as there are segments in a structure. In the paradigmatic structural descriptions the number of constituent morae is opaque, but VC and V are dimoraic, VCC and VC are trimoraic, and VCC is tetramoraic (unless the traditional, well motivated way of counting of morae is radically altered, which would certainly cause further problems).

Thus, as just mentioned, a single /r/ (as in paras ‘best’) is often realised as [R], but double /rr/ (as in parras ‘edge’) always as [r˘], often with several closure periods. On the whole, it seems legitimate to conclude that the main allophone of /r/ is [r]. In addition, /r/ has an alveolar fricative allophone, [®3]. As was mentioned above in discussing the allophones of /s/, the sequence /sr/ does not occur inside native uncompounded words. e. [sr], a sequence consisting of a sibilant and a trill, is difficult to pronounce even for a native phonetician.

29 § The rhotic /r/ It is not straightforward to determine the main allophone of /r/. Traditionally, it has been stated that the main allophone is a trill, but recent investigations suggest that the tap pronunciation ([R]) is much more common than has been previously presumed. Thus Mustanoja & O’Dell (2007) observed, in two corpora (colloquial speech in Tampere and news broadcasts of the national broadcasting company) that a great majority of the single /r/ productions in word-medial intervocalic position were taps (75% and 90% in the two corpora, respectively).

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FINNISH SOUND STRUCTURE ( Phonetics, phonology, phonotactics and prosody) by Kari Suomi, Juhani Toivanen & Riikka Ylitalo

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