Get Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American PDF

Environmental Studies

By Deborah Fitzgerald

ISBN-10: 0300088132

ISBN-13: 9780300088137

ISBN-10: 0300133413

ISBN-13: 9780300133417

In the course of the early many years of the 20 th century, agricultural perform in the United States used to be remodeled from a pre-industrial to an business task. during this examine Deborah Fitzgerald argues that farms turned modernised within the Nineteen Twenties simply because they followed not just new equipment but additionally the monetary, cultural and ideological gear of industrialism. Fitzgerald examines how bankers and rising execs in engineering and economics driven for systematic, businesslike farming. She discusses how manufacturing unit practices served as a template for the construction around the nation of business or company farms. She additionally seems at how farming was once tormented by this revolution and concludes through following numerous agricultural lovers to the Soviet Union, the place the teachings of commercial farming have been studied.

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Additional resources for Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American Agriculture (Yale Agrarian Studies.)

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There were few jobs that could not be reconceptual- The Industrial Ideal in American Agriculture ized and divided, turning one big, complicated job into many small, simple jobs. Although in theory these jobs could have been done by anyone, including the artisan who had formerly done everything, in reality the artisan—and the entire concept of the artisan—was eliminated from the process. It was not only the artisans’ physical abilities that were undermined, but their experience, knowledge, and judgment.

Farmers had lacked the capital to make necessary repairs and to continue cropping and raising livestock; these farms would have been difficult to sell even in a good market. But the number of farms and financial institutions involved combined with the dramatic timing of the crisis brought this problem to the attention of people in the cities as well as in the countryside, to those in the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) as well as on Wall Street. One of the effects of this attention was the creation of a new type of dialogue, carried on both by people experienced in farming and by people who knew nothing about it, regarding what should be done to stabilize farming, farmers, and commodity production.

37 It was clearly a risky business to correlate agriculture with other productive enterprises too quickly, because the correlations were not always apt. Like Wallace, Nourse saw problems where other colleagues saw only opportunity. Nourse and Wallace could see that industrialization was occurring in agriculture, but felt that the consequences of that shift would be painful for many people for a long time. Although they were helpless to stop the industrial web from growing and in fact were ambivalent about the long-term, macroeconomic outcome, they continued to voice concerns about the short-term, microeconomics of farm families and businesses getting routed in the process.

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Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American Agriculture (Yale Agrarian Studies.) by Deborah Fitzgerald

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