Download PDF by Stefania Tutino: Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian
By Stefania Tutino
Robert Bellarmine was once one of many pillars of post-Reformation Catholicism: he used to be a celebrated theologian and a hugely ranked member of the Congregations of the Inquisition and of the Index, the censor in command of the Galileo affair. Bellarmine used to be additionally essentially the most unique political theorists of his time, and he participated at once in lots of of the political conflicts that agitated Europe among the tip of the 16th and the start of the 17th century. Stefania Tutino bargains the 1st full-length examine of the effect of Bellarmine's idea of the potestas indirecta in early sleek Europe. Following the reactions to Bellarmine's concept throughout nationwide and confessional obstacles, this publication explores probably the most the most important political and theological knots within the background of post-Reformation Europe, from the debate over the Oath of Allegiance to the conflict over the Interdetto in Venice. The ebook units these political and spiritual controversies opposed to the history of the theological and institutional advancements of the post-Tridentine Catholic Church. by way of reading the violent and from time to time staggering controversies originated via Bellarmine's conception, this e-book demanding situations the various conventional assumptions in regards to the theological form of post-Tridentine Catholicism; it deals a clean viewpoint at the centrality of the hyperlinks among confessional association and political allegiance within the improvement of the trendy realms; and it contributes to our realizing of the improvement of 'modern' notions of strength and authority.
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Extra info for Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth (Oxford Studies in Historical Theology)
It is now time to turn to Bellarmine’s theory on the authority of the pope in relation to Bellarmine’s theoretical framework. The Power of the Pope: The Ecclesiological Theme The controversy De summo Pontiﬁce was third in the order of the printed Controversiae, appearing after the one on Christ and the one on the word of God, but it was also the controversy that, by his own admission, Bellarmine considered to be the cornerstone of the entire work. 47 That is why the heretics of the past and of the present times, while being divided among themselves on many doctrinal points, are all uniﬁed in attacking “the see of the Roman Pontiff,” and, consequently, no heretic had ever existed who did not attack the primacy of that see.
74 When Sixtus V ascended to the pontiﬁcate, he wanted to publish Panvinio’s biographies of the popes, and between 1588 and 1592 Bellarmine, then a member of the Congregation of the Index, delivered his censure on Panvinio’s and Platina’s works, in which he reiterated the same need to eliminate historical inaccuracies even if they served to paint a ﬂattering picture of the popes. For example, replying to a criticism by Panvinio according to which Platina had written too much on the vices of the popes whose biography he was writing, Bellarmine replied that out of forty unﬂattering biographies, all but three or four should be corrected.
Bellarmine’s ﬁrst class was held in November 1576. The inaugural lecture was revised and printed at the beginning of the ﬁrst volume of the Controversiae, but some manuscript notes taken by Bellarmine’s students during his lecture are still existent,31 and a comparison between the manuscript and the printed version reveals a very important common feature: Bellarmine’s lectures on the controversies were already thought of as the organic and systematic body that they would become in the printed Controversiae.
Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth (Oxford Studies in Historical Theology) by Stefania Tutino