Millennium Ecosystem Assessment's Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios (Millennium PDF

Environmental Studies

By Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

ISBN-10: 1559633905

ISBN-13: 9781559633901

ISBN-10: 1559633913

ISBN-13: 9781559633918

Situations are a useful instrument for examining advanced platforms and figuring out attainable results. This moment quantity of the MA sequence explores the results of 4 varied methods for coping with environment companies within the face of turning out to be human call for for them:The worldwide Orchestration process, during which we emphasize fairness, financial progress, and public items, reacting to surroundings difficulties once they achieve severe stages.Order from power, which emphasizes safety and monetary growth.Adapting Mosaic, which emphasizes proactive administration of ecosystems, neighborhood model, and versatile governance.TechnoGarden, a globalized process with an emphasis on eco-friendly know-how and a proactive method of dealing with ecosystems.The eventualities quantity can assist decision-makers and bosses establish improvement paths that greater keep the resilience of ecosystems, and will lessen the chance of wear to human overall healthiness and the surroundings.

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Extra info for Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, Volume 2)

Sample text

4 Values Associated with Ecosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Assessment Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Strategies and Interventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Linkages between Ecosystem Services and Human Wellbeing This chapter provides the summary of Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Ecosystems and Human Well-being: A Framework for Assessment (Island Press, 2003), pp. 1–25, which was prepared by an extended conceptual framework writing team of 51 authors and 10 contributing authors.

Ecosystem management practices that maintain response diversity, functional groups, and trophic levels while mitigating chronic stress are more likely to increase the supply of ecosystem services and decrease the risk of large losses of ecosystem services than practices that ignore these factors. The scenarios indicate that present goals for reduced rates of biodiversity loss, such as the 2010 targets of the Convention of Biological Diversity, will be difficult to achieve because of changes in land use that have already occurred, ongoing stresses from climate change, and nutrient enrichment.

This is particularly true when conditions are changing rapidly, when conditions are variable, when control of ecosystems is limited, or when uncertainty is high. [3] The MA scenarios examine the need to develop and expand mechanisms of ecosystem management that avoid large ecosystem changes (by reducing stress on ecosystems), allow for the possibility of Table S1. Costs and Benefits of Proactive Management as Contrasted with Reactive Ecosystem Management Payoffs Proactive Ecosystem Management Reactive Ecosystem Management benefit from lower risk of unexpected losses of ecosystem services, achieved through investment in more-efficient use of resources (water, energy, fertilizer, and so on), more innovation of green technology, the capacity to absorb unexpected fluctuations in ecosystem services, adaptable management systems, and ecosystems that are resilient and self-maintaining avoid paying for monitoring efforts do well under smoothly or incrementally changing conditions build manufactured, social, and human capital do well under changing or novel conditions build natural, social, and human capital Costs technological solutions can create new problems costs of unsuccessful experiments costs of monitoring some short-term benefits are traded for long-term benefits expensive unexpected events persistent ignorance (repeating the same mistakes) lost option values inertia of less flexible and adaptable management of infrastructure and ecosystems loss of natural capital 7 large ecosystem changes (by choosing reversible actions, experimenting cautiously, and monitoring appropriate ecological indicators), and increase the capacity of societies to adapt to large ecosystem changes (diversifying the portfolio of ecosystem services and developing flexible governance systems that adapt effectively to ecosystem change).

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Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, Volume 2) by Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

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