Bureaucratic Landscapes: Interagency Cooperation and the - download pdf or read online
By Craig W. Thomas
Political scientists have lengthy been all in favour of the stress among institutional fragmentation and coverage coordination within the U.S. forms. The literature is rife with examples of companies competing with one another or announcing their independence, whereas cooperation is comparatively infrequent. this can be of specific significance in coverage components reminiscent of biodiversity, the place species, habitats, and ecosystems pass numerous employer jurisdictions.Bureaucratic Landscapes explores the purposes for the luck and failure of interagency cooperation, targeting numerous case stories of efforts to maintain biodiversity in California. The booklet examines why public officers attempted to cooperate and the hindrances they confronted, supplying oblique facts of coverage affects besides. between different issues, it examines the position of courts in prompting enterprise motion, the function of clinical wisdom in organizational studying, and the emergence of recent associations to solve collective-action difficulties. extraordinary findings comprise the the most important position of environmental complaints in prompting enterprise motion and the strangely energetic position of the Bureau of Land administration in source protection.
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Additional info for Bureaucratic Landscapes: Interagency Cooperation and the Preservation of Biodiversity (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
While not a universal law, the managerial pursuit of autonomy is a sufficiently robust assumption to use as a foundation for constructing theory. It also has tremendous implications for the evolution of interagency relationships. Before delving into the idea of managerial autonomy and its implications, I first want to dispel the notion that there might be other things line managers desire more than autonomy. In this regard, the two prominent challengers are budgets and turf. In the case of budgets, Niskanen (1971: 38) provided the basic rationale, arguing that budgets can serve as a proxy for nearly all agency preferences.
If punishment is not germane, then interagency cooperation is largely shaped by the potential for joint gains. In other words, rather than simply dividing an existing pie, they see the possibility of making the pie bigger through joint gains (Lax and Sebenius 1986). Cooperation is a complex variable because it includes individual, agency, and temporal components. Cooperation at the agency level can be measured by counting agreements, plans, or treaties, but measuring cooperation as a dichotomous variable oversimplifies the behavior to be explained.
Therefore, the budgetmaximization hypothesis does not preclude the possibility of altruism because bureaucrats may care most about the public interest and accordingly desire larger budgets to provide additional public services. In this sense, the budget-maximization hypothesis is similar to the hypothesized reelection imperative of members of Congress, because elected officials must first hold their offices if they are to continue providing legislative services (Mayhew 1974; Fiorina 1989). Yet Niskanen concluded that agencies oversupply services, which is a popular refrain among those advocating privatization and small government.
Bureaucratic Landscapes: Interagency Cooperation and the Preservation of Biodiversity (Politics, Science, and the Environment) by Craig W. Thomas